Discussion Guide - Period 4 - Kim 1 Hannah Kim Mr Wilder...

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Kim 1Hannah KimMr. Wilder Period 210 November 2015Discussion GuidePeriod 4: 1800 - 1848The Age of Jefferson1.I agree that Jeffersons victory signaled a return to the true principles of the American Revo-lution in his vision of bringing the nation to limited federal government as of the Articles of Confederation once desired. 2.Jeffersons objectives in reforming the government included a nation of small farmers, promised education, reversing the growth of the federal government, reducing the military and strict isolation from European affairs. They did represent the revolution he described in his inaugural address by his beautifully phrased statement of democratic principles. The willof the majority is in all cases to prevailthat will be rightful must be reasonable; the minor-ity possess their equal rights, which equal law must protect, and to violate would be oppres-sion.” In attempt to allay Federalist fears, Jefferson declared, We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists” As for foreign affairs, he pledged, honest friendship with all nations, entan-gling alliances with none.3.To an extent Jefferson violated the Constitution with the Louisiana Purchase in how he ques-tions the constitutionality of buying the land because of the fear Napoleon may change his mind and the land opportunity for farmers was too good to pass up. The decision was worth itin the way it upheld Jeffersons goals expanding land for small farmers.
Kim 21.The Napoleonic War between France and Britain led to the prevention of letting US tradewith either France or Britains enemy, American ships were seized by both side and im-pressed American soldiers to fight for the British navy. This affected the United States economy by disrupting trade and hurt its military pride as naval independence was disre-spected. 4.The Embargo Act of 1807 was an economic disaster in how it hampered any international trade that was carrying most of Americas economy at this time. This ruins New England market as southern agriculture rots. Politically it did not gain the international respect Jeffer-son was aiming for in how impressment continued. 5.Marbury v. Madison was especially important in the creation of judicial review” which was the idea that the Supreme Court had the final authority to determine constitutionality in a court ruling. This increased federal government instead of individual states. In this landmark case, Marshall inserted the keystone into the arch that supports the tremendous power of the Supreme Court in American life.The War of 1812 and its Consequence 7.Macons Bill #2 was a political misstep for the Congress under Madison as it led to further animosity between the British and the US as it politically tied the US to France. Ultimately leading to one of the major causes of the war of 1812.

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