SOCIOLOGY FINAL NOTES - SOCIOLOGY FINAL EXAM NOTES...

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SOCIOLOGY FINAL EXAM NOTESFemininity‘Killing Us Softly’ documentary:women are represented in a limited number of ways and in only a few areas of social life (sexualized, infantilized, domesticated, victimized) image stability:femininity (care/home) and masculinity (work/politics/rationality)feminisation of poverty:women are more likely to be poor than men, single parent mothers are the most poverty prone in Canada, they are encouraged to focus on marriage and motherhood, take time off work and have informal employment (flexible part-time jobs to ease childcare), divorce, wage-gap (women make 70% of men’s wage), sex-segregated occupations, higher unemployment rate (women get laid off first)pink ghetto: the idea that women are paid less than men for the same jobemphasised femininity:the normative ideal of femininity, based on women’s compliance with their inferiority to men and accommodating to men’s interests and desires, understood as the ideal that women should try to achieve, characterized as supportive, enthusiastic, and sexually attractivedouble shift/day (double ghetto):a situation in which women who have full-time jobs outside of the home often work another ‘shift’ when they get home, men maintain a superior social position over the women in their lives, regardless of class,because they own most of the social wealth, as a group, putting women in a inferior position both at work and at homechilly climate: the lack of warmth or encouragement that girls and women feel in school as a result of sexismmisogyny: the hatred or deep dislike of womenMasculinityMichael Messner:studied college men involved in fraternities and found that youngcollege men were anxious in their masculinity performance so they turned to violence against women instead of being homophobic“pulling train”:frat boys would find a girl and drug her or get her drunk and rape her because these young men felt pressured to do so in fear that they weren’t considered masculine (e.g. the guys at Brock with the sign “honk if you’re dropping off your daughter”)
bourgeois masculinity:the ideology of “separate spheres” where middle-class women roles are in relation to the family and the home and the men circulate and conduct business in public spaces outside of the household, hard work and industry were the true signs of manly virtuehegemonic masculinity:Robert Connell, the normative ideal of masculinity that men are supposed to be dominant and should strive and achieve, most socially endorsed form of masculinity, maintenance of hegemony requires men’s and women’s participation in supporting images of the ideal masculinity, associated withtraits of aggressiveness, control, strength, drive, ambition, whiteness, heterosexuality, middle-class, and not valuing women‘Tough Guise’ documentary: about how it’s the norm for guys to act tough and not seem feminine, women are associated with child-care and house-work, whereas men are associated with aggression, work, and politicsandrocentrism

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