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EASC-150 Notes (FA 2007)

EASC-150 Notes (FA 2007) - Genius pt 3 Japanese Meiji govt...

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9/18/2007 Genius, pt. 3 Japanese Meiji gov’t adapted British automatic loom technology quickly. China never had a strong central gov’t, so there were not the close relationships btwn. gov’t and new business. Japan closely followed the Edison Elec. Co. Slogan that said “Deasianize and Europeanize Japan” Levy article “Why did industrializatin take place rapidly in Japan, but not in China?” Levy offers five hypotheses: 1. Different responses were based on social structures of the two societies, not on any influences from outside the two [v. Moulder, who argues that it was the nature of the world economy and the roles of the two economies in the world economy] 2. Non-social factors (i.e. lack of raw materials, large size of country) are not relevant to the analysis 3. Transition to industrialization in Japan did not upset the system of socia control of the members of society as it had done in China 4. In Japan, there was a group of individuals who were more easily converted than in China 5. Even in Japan, there were individuals who could not adapt to the system of industrialization, but those individuals could be eliminated w/o the system breaking down two basic sources of change: int & ext Ext sources are virtually identical for C and J, so diffs in devel must be int [v. Moulder, who says ints are same, so exts must have caused diffs in devel] Fuedalism (4 characteristics): 1. Closed social classes – no mobility 2. Well defined hierarchy of power holders 3. The identification of each individual as responsible to some other above him in the hierarchy and related to others not in the hierarchical line b/c of his superior’s relationship with them 4. Distribution of goods and services is primarily based on rank, and rank is based on position in hierarchy Role of merchant in China is to prepare his sons for the exams for public service. NOVA: their was a lack of understanding of reinvestment of profits from any endeavor Levy: reinvestment was not so important as pulling money out and investing in land, b/c there was no protection from the gov’t unless your son had a classical education and became Gentry
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buy & rent land so income w/o working classical education for sons “No rule by law, rule by men” so gov’t can take your merchant business at any time/ do anything they want with it, so no reason to put all your wealth at such a risk Role of merchant in Japan Land could not be bought and sold as a symbol of social status or as an investment Class system was closed, so individual merchants could not stop being a merchant forced to think in terms of buying/ selling and reinvestment Family also was subordinated – men were responsible primarily to the overlord 9/20/2007 Levy (traditional society theorist) “Fuedalism” Moulder (world economy theorist) “incorporation” ( assimilation ) Confucian Society in Japan Scholars/ Samurai Peasants Artisans Merchants -In Japan, under Bakufu law, one cannot move btwn the classes.
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