Module 7 study questions - Module 7 Ecosystems and the...

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Module 7: Ecosystems and the Environment 1. Abiotic Non-living 2. Biotic Pertaining to living organisms 3. Tropical forest -Aka rainforest -found close to the equator -temps are warm and fairly constant -200-400 cm of rain per year -renown for biodiversity -poor soil quality 4. Temperature forest -found in areas with 4 distinct seasons (warm growing season and cold winter) -3-4 different deciduous tree species -fertile soil 5. Coniferous forest -aka evergreens forest -found in areas with long, cold winters and short summers -relatively dry (40-100 cm rainfall; mainly snow) -dominated by coniferous trees -poor soil 6. Tundra -found in area of extreme cold and little precipitation -permafrost (permanently frozen subsoil -low shrubs, lichens, moss, grass, some flowers -low biodiversity 7. Savanna -tropical grasslands -warm climate and long dry season -covered with grass and scattered trees -dry season fires help prevent tree growth -moderate rainfall 8. Temperate grassland -found in areas with 4 distinct seasons (hot summer and cold winter) -widely varying temps -lass rainfall -soil is extremely fertile (farmland) 9. Chaparral -found in places with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers characterized by drought and fire -dominated by small trees and shrubs with waxy leaves 10. Desert -receive very little precipitation -associated with hot climates -cold deserts (Antarctica) -plants have special adaptations for dry conditions -soils are usually abundant in nutrients
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11. Freshwater habitat
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