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Unformatted text preview: Opera appeared in late 1500s Caccini used pitch & rhythm to interpret lines recitatives 1597 Daphne Euridice & Orfeo Orfeo --Monteverdi: first great composer of opera Monteverdi added choruses and arias Orfeo Coronation of poppea Ritornello: instrumental interlude between songs 1637: group of rich families decided that they wanted to have opera, paid, public, subscription Second half of 1600s: singers become more popular; people might have gone to see a particular singer, not just for the work itself. Intermedia: between acts during intermission there would be a short comic opera, involving middle class people opera buffa Recitative: dialogue, plot; text not repeated; usually accompanied by harpsichord & cello; one note per syllable <da capo> aria Gluck: early 1760s wrote the 1 st reform opera Orfeo: longest-running opera reform opera : Overture introduced tone, created atmosphere Story & language were all-important (no floridity) Rossini: Barber of Seville (opera buffa) Il barbiere di siviglia No chorus Overture: famous, independently played piece Doctor Bartolo Rosina Count almavivia (Lindoro) Figaro Don Basilio Bellini:...
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