politics - Mariam Khan Nature of Politics Sec 09 Prof....

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Mariam Khan Nature of Politics Sec 09 Prof. Bronner Amy Buzby (TA) Midterm Paper Common Good v. Private Interest For a nation, the common good is what keeps the general populace satisfied, what solves the problems of even the weakest people of a nation, and eventually what keeps them and the nation safe and secure. In his book The Prince , Machiavelli makes the argument that to serve the common good is the function of the government, which it fulfills by building a strong army to protect the nation and keeping the general public happy and satisfied. Hamilton, jay and Madison, some of the most important founding fathers of our nation wrote The Federalist Papers , while defending the fundamental document upon which this nation is built, The Constitution , having believed that government has a priority to serve the common good. On the other hand, using the science of economics, Milton Friedman, author of Capitalism and Freedom , explains why he believes that naturally, by keeping private interest a priority, the common good is eventually benefitted. But, because he makes many assumptions, his theory has many flaws and can be disproved through more practical examples. An assertion similar to that of Friedman is made by various conservatives and neoconservative writers in the text by Stephen Bronner, called Twentieth Century Political Theory: A Reader . Through their essays, conservatives and neoconservatives make the argument that progress in a national should a slow process, with no drastic or radical changes brought about, thus ignoring any change that could be necessary for the well being of any group of people that is underrepresented. Through these readings, it has
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become very clear to me that the common good should be the priority for any government to run successfully. In his book, Machiavelli uses many examples from history to explain what he believes are the characteristics of a great ruler. In it he shows that the basic function of the government is to protect its people and the nation as a whole. In order to do this, the ruler must “fortify his own town(s), and not to trouble about the surrounding countr(ies)” (67), by building a strong army of defense without the help of other nations. He explains that by doing so, a nation “can never appear easy to attack [because it] has his town stoutly defended and is not hated by the people” (67). He explains this by using the example of Germany, which at that time had a great defense. The people of Germany never feared any outside rulers because the cities of Germany were defended in such a way that to attack them would be hurtful, for Germany had all the necessaries for a strong defense: moats, bastions and artillery, as well as an entire year of supply and fuel for their nation always ready in their public storehouses. This seems like a perfect defense in many ways. At first, it calls for a strong defense army with its supplies: the moats, bastion and artillery. And then it considers that even if there is a strong attack on the defense, the army has sufficient
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politics - Mariam Khan Nature of Politics Sec 09 Prof....

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