06 Canon and Text

06 Canon and Text - deuterocanonical books) c. Protestant...

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REL1310 Spring 2008 THE CHRISTIAN SCRIPTURES What is the Bible? Whose Bible is it anyway? Canon and Text I. Terminology A . canon: a collection of writings that a faith community regards as sacred and authoritative in matters of belief and practice. < Gk. kanon “reed,” “measuring stick” canonize canonization B. inspiration: divine influence on the writing of a document II. Testaments testament = “treaty,” “covenant” Jeremiah 31:31 “new covenant” (“new testament”) A. The Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) 1. Basic facts: time of composition: ca. 1200-165 B.C. 1000 years language: Hebrew, with some Aramaic 2. Divisions (see Harris, Understanding the Bible , pp. 4-5) a. Jewish b. Roman Catholic/Eastern Orthodox (Includes a collection of books called the Apocrypha or
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Unformatted text preview: deuterocanonical books) c. Protestant 3. Titles: a. Old Testament b. Tanak ( Torah, Nebi’im, Ketubim > TaNaK ) Also, Miqra’ (literally, “something that is read”) c. Hebrew Bible B. The New Testament 1. Basic facts: time of composition: ca. A.D. 50-150 100 years language: Greek 2. 1 st-4 th Centuries A.D.: A canon in flux 3. Easter Letter of Athanasius (A.D. 367) III. Translations A. the Septuagint (LXX): Jewish translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek (3rd–2nd centuries B.C.) B. the Vulgate: Christian translation of the Old Testament (Hebrew Bible) and New Testament into common, or “vulgar,” Latin (ca. A.D. 400)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course REL 1310 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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