07 Geography-1

07 Geography-1 - (= modern Ras Shamra) Ugaritic language...

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REL1310 Spring 2008 THE CHRISTIAN SCRIPTURES Geography and History I. The Ancient Near East A. Mesopotamia B. Egypt C. Syria II. Palestine The Ancient Near East—bodies of water: Mediterranean Sea Black Sea Caspian Sea Red Sea Persian Gulf Tigris River Euphrates River Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia , (the land) “Between the Rivers” Sumerians (c. 3200-2300 BCE) Ur cuneiform writing Semitic languages Akkadian Assyrians Babylonians Arameans (beginning c. 1100) Aramaic (language) Asia Minor = Anatolia Egypt Nile Age of the Pyramids: c. 2600-2400 BCE hieroglyphic writing Hyksos, “Foreign Rulers” (c. 1675-1550 BCE) Syria Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountain Ranges Cuneiform archives: Ebla, c. 2400-2250 BCE Mari, c. 1800 Ugarit, c. 1400
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Unformatted text preview: (= modern Ras Shamra) Ugaritic language El, Asherah, Baal Palestine from Dan to Beersheba = c. 150 miles Major Geographic Zones: 1) Coastal Plain Phoenician Plain Phoenicians Byblos (Gebal) Sidon Tyre Plain of Sharon Plain of Philistia Philistines 2) Central Hills (Western Mountains) Galilee Valley of Jezreel Samaria Judea (Judah) Shephelah (foothills) 3) Negeb Sinai Desert 4) Jordan Rift Mt. Hermon Jordan River Sea of Galilee Dead Sea Wadi Arabah Gulf of Aqabah Red Sea 5) Transjordanian Plateau (Eastern Plateau) Bashan Gilead Ammon(ites) Moab(ites) Edom(ites) The Way of the Sea ( Via maris ) (=International Coastal Highway) The Kings Highway...
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