22 Elijah&Elisha

22 Elijah&Elisha - II Historical Setting 9 th Century...

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Religion 1310 Spring 2008 THE CHRISTIAN SCRIPTURES I. Prophetism A. Roles and Functions (so far): 1. Speech: Heb. navi’ “prophet” → Greek prophetes Samuel (also called “seer” 1 Sam 9:6, 9) “inquire of God” “Whatever he says always comes true.” Deborah (“judging Israel” Judg 4:4) 2. Ecstatic activity (“to prophesy”): Prophetic bands, music (1 Sam 10:5-7, 9-11) “the spirit/wind/breath of God” Num 11:25, 26-30 3. Court prophets: Nathan (“the word of YHWH came to Nathan: Go and tell my servant David . . .”; 2 Sam 7:4) Confronts David over adultery and murder (“YHWH sent Nathan to David . . .; 2 Sam 12:1) B. Canon: Torah , Nevi’im, Ketuvim Latter Prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, etc. Books containing prophetic messages (oracles) 8 th Century B.C. and later Former Prophets: Josh-2 Kgs Elijah and Elisha (1 Kgs 17-2 Kgs 10) Not oracles, but deeds in narrative description
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Unformatted text preview: II. Historical Setting: 9 th Century B.C. (see power point slides) III. Elijah and Elisha: Prophetic Authority A. Confrontational Relationship to the King: Elijah as Obstructionist Loner Elijah’s draught and showdown with Baal’s prophets (1 Kgs 17-19) Naboth’s vineyard (1 Kgs 21) Ahaziah’s messengers (2 Kgs 1) B. Politically Involved: Elisha as Influential Power Broker “the sons of the prophets” (2 Kgs 4:1 etc.) Elisha’s role in coups by Jehu and Hazael (2 Kgs 8-10) C. Miracles of Life and Death: Elijah: fire from on high (1 Kgs 18; 2 Kgs 1) Resuscitation of the Dead (1 Kgs 17:19-23; 2 Kgs 4:18-37) Elisha’s heals Naaman (2 Kgs 5) The king of Israel: “Am I God, to give death or life . . . ?” “Sic ’em bears!”—Elisha’s curse on the “boys” between Jericho and Bethel...
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22 Elijah&Elisha - II Historical Setting 9 th Century...

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