PSYCH test study guide

PSYCH test study guide - PSYC 1001 OUTLINE FOR TEST 4 I....

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PSYC 1001 OUTLINE FOR TEST 4 I. Stress and Health A. Definitions 1. Health psychology - how psychological principles affect prevention and treatment of physical illnesses 2. Stress - physiological response of body to psychological demands - good in small amounts good stress- bungie jump, sky dive… also helps keep you alert but too much makes you not retain info 3. Stressors - things that cause stress B. Stressors – 1. daily hassles, frustration (blocked goal) 2. conflict (approach-approach; avoidance-avoidance; approach-avoidance) 3. negative life changes can make you sick. 4. catastrophes 5. pressures (expectations or demands) C. Effects of stress 1. General adaptation syndrome - Selye Stage 1 - alarm reaction Stage 2 - resistance Stage 3 - exhaustion 2. Stress causes
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a. (physiological) • increased blood pressure, heart rate – med. issue • increased cholesterol buildup in arteries • suppression of immune system b. (emotional) • emotional arousal (negative) • emotions depend on cognitive appraisal c. (behavioral) -- • unhealthy -- attack others, give up, overindulge, use defense mechs • healthy -- constructive coping D. Handling stress 1. physiological reactivity - how one responds physiologically to stress. Physiological reactivity is affected by a. exercise b. sex – male/female c. stimulants 2. cognitive interventions a. cognitive appraisal b. placebo c. positive thinking d. imagery in kids 3. perceived control – if we think we have control, we are less susceptible to illness 4. sense of humor
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5. social support - shared grief is less of a burden than unshared 6. pets? 7. lifestyle - risks, risk-taking 8. Other unhealthy behs -- smoking, drinking, not exercising or eating right E. Formal coping mechanisms 1. relaxation training 2. biofeedback 2. healthy behs II. Developmental Psychology A. Basic Ideas 1. nature/nurture - does genetics or environment play a larger role in determining who we are? 2. Data collection methods
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course PSYC 1001 taught by Professor King,brett during the Spring '08 term at Colorado.

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PSYCH test study guide - PSYC 1001 OUTLINE FOR TEST 4 I....

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