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Essay #1 - Essay#1 Ryan Neale Dr Murrell African American...

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Essay #1 Ryan Neale Dr. Murrell African American Religions Elijah Muhammad was born as Elijah Poole on October 7, 1897, in Bolds Springs, Georgia, a town so small, that in order to identify it, one needs to mention Sandersville, Georgia, another town that stands between Macron and Atlanta, Georgia in order to have any sort of real reference point. Elijah was the sixth of 13 children, born to Wali and Marie Poole. Their first home was a sharecropper's shanty that could barely accommodate a sizable family of 13. It was said that Marie Poole, Elijah’s mother sensed that he was special. When he got older, his siblings also came to share their mother's beliefs about their brother. When the brood argued, they often asked Elijah to settle their squabbles due to his being the brother with a level head. Elijah in a sense followed in his father's footsteps as a minister. The elder Poole was a Baptist preacher. Wali Poole gave instructional sermons every Sunday to the congregation at the small Georgian church, as well as to his children at home. On the weekdays, Wali Poole was also a hardworking sharecropper. On Sundays, he devoted his day serving the needs of the black community in Bold Springs. Elijah was aware of the disenfranchisement of blacks and the problems that they encountered on a daily basis. The Poole family barely made enough money to pay their bills as sharecroppers. The family rented the land that they farmed from a landowner for a share of the crops that season. The family sold the remainder of the crops for a small amount of money. The money was just enough for them to purchase a few items of basis supplies and some clothes. There were debts to pay, so the sharecroppers often borrowed from white creditors who would lend them money with an astronomical interest rate attached. The Poole family was no different from other families in the community who needed assistance to make ends meet and to provide, food, clothing and shelter for their families. The Pooles, also owed a large sum of money to their white creditors. Striving for a better life, Wali and Marie Poole made the decision to relocate their large family. Elijah was six years old when his family made the trek from Bolds Springs, Georgia to Wenona, Georgia, approximately 100 miles from Bolds Springs. Wenona was also five miles from Cordele, Georgia. That was in 1907. When the family got to their new town, they rented a house directly across the street from the railroad depot. Wali Poole again tried his hand at sharecropping. At that time, the Poole family children were needed in the fields. They attended school whenever Wali Poole didn't need them to help him farm the land. The children, including Elijah plowed using the family mule, sowed the land in the spring time and harvested the crops.
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