310_Note_Pages_Lecture_17_State_and_Local_Government_F06

310_Note_Pages_Lecture_17_State_and_Local_Government_F06 -...

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Unformatted text preview: GOV 310L American Government Lecture 17: State & Local Government Dr. Gary A. Keith State and Local Government I. II. III. IV. V. VI. STATE GOVERNMENT VARIATION LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN TEXAS' CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM COUNTIES CITIES SPECIAL DISTRICTS LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUES POWER AND POLITICS Number of Governments by Type, 1942 to Current Era Year US. Gov State Govs Local Governments County Municipal Township and Town 18,919 17,202 17,198 17,142 17,105 16,991 16,822 16,734 16,691 16,656 16,629 16,504 School District 108,579 67,355 50,454 34,678 21,782 15,781 15,174 14,851 14,721 14,422 13,726 13,506 Special District 8,299 12,340 14,424 18,323 21,264 23,885 25,962 28,078 29,532 31,555 34,683 35,052 Local Total 155,067 116,756 102,341 91,186 81,248 78,218 79,862 81,780 83,186 84,955 87,453 87,525 155,116 116,807 102,392 91,237 81,299 78,269 79,913 81,831 83,237 85,006 87,504 87,576 Grand Total 1942 19521 19571 1962 1967 1972 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997 2002 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 48 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 3,050 3,052 3,050 3,043 3,049 3,044 3,042 3,041 3,042 3,043 3,043 3,034 16,200 16,807 17,215 18,000 18,048 18,517 18,862 19,076 19,200 19,279 19,372 19,429 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstracts of the United States, 2004-2005. 1 Adjusted to include units in Alaska and Hawaii which adopted statehood in 1959 100% 10% House Rep House Dem 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 0% 2005 Partisanship in State Houses State houses of representatives are closely contested by the parties. 25 houses are Republican, 23 are Democratic, and 1 tied. Idaho Wyoming Utah South Dakota North Dakota Florida Kansas Alaska Arizona New Delaware Virginia Ohio Wisconsin South Carolina Missouri Texas Oklahoma Georgia Oregon Pennsylvania Michigan Indiana Iowa Minnesota Montana Maine North Carolina Tennessee Colorado Illinois Washington Kentucky Vermont New Jersey Alabama California New Mexico Mississippi Nevada Louisiana Connecticut West Virginia New York Maryland Arkansas Rhode Island Hawaii Massachusetts State & Local Governm ent Expenditures: 2002-03 Others 13% Insurance Trust Expend 9% Utility 7% & Environm ent Housing 7% Public Safety 8% Transportation 7% Social Services 21% Education 28% State and Local Government I. II. III. IV. V. VI. STATE GOVERNMENT VARIATION LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN TEXAS' CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM COUNTIES CITIES SPECIAL DISTRICTS LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUES POWER AND POLITICS II. Local Governments In Texas' Constitutional System counties spelled out in constitution cities governed by constitution and statute special districts usually governed by statute coming form: metropolitan government? regional governments State and Local Government I. II. STATE GOVERNMENT VARIATION LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN TEXAS' CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM III. IV. V. VI. COUNTIES CITIES SPECIAL DISTRICTS LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUES POWER AND POLITICS III. Counties A. B. C. D. E. F. Type of Government Commissioners Court Fragmented executive County Finances County Services County politics and elections State and Local Government I. II. III. STATE GOVERNMENT VARIATION LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN TEXAS' CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM COUNTIES IV. V. VI. CITIES SPECIAL DISTRICTS LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUES POWER AND POLITICS IV. Cities A. B. General Law Cities vs. Home Rule Cities Forms of city government (pgs. 859 862): 1) 2) 3) 4) C. D. E. City Finances City Services City Politics and Elections councilstrong mayor councilweak mayor councilmanager commission State and Local Government I. II. III. IV. STATE GOVERNMENT VARIATION LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN TEXAS' CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM COUNTIES CITIES V. VI. SPECIAL DISTRICTS LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUES POWER AND POLITICS V. Special Districts A. B. C. D. E. F. G. Statutory or Constitutional Unifunctional Types Forms of Government Finances Services Politics and Elections State and Local Government I. II. III. IV. V. STATE GOVERNMENT VARIATION LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN TEXAS' CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM COUNTIES CITIES SPECIAL DISTRICTS VI. LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUES POWER AND POLITICS VI. LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISSUES POWER AND POLITICS ...
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