midterm review - culture beliefs values behavior and...

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culture - beliefs values behavior and material objects shared by people, symbols, languages, values and norms One of the social patterns in society. - taught & arises by social interaction - controls individuals as they interact - Made up of 1. Rules, 2. Beliefs & 3. Values (all enforce cooperation) Rules: *Taboos, customs, laws, morals, Values: what people are committed to and what they consider to be important to their lives. E.g. Materialism, Individualism Beliefs: (shared) “hard work leads to material success.” (whether true or not) ARTICLE: India on Cow Love/ Queer Customs (chp. 8) society - interactions and arrangements of a time guided by culture. A social organization of people. Society is a social organization with its own history, culture, structure and identity. -people constantly influenced by social patterns - Societies are different from nations because ultimately societies are held together by the ongoing social interaction of people and by social interaction… (p. 51) - Characterized by an ongoing social patterns and interaction. ARTICLE: WEALTH (NY TIMES) articles (any one) subculture- a cultural subgroup differentiated by status, ethnic background, residence, religion, or other factors that functionally unify the group and act collectively on each member. Is a social group with shared characteristics that distinguish it from the larger cultural group or society from which it is entrenched. Generally, a subculture is distinguished either by a unifying set of ideas and/or practices (such as the corporate culture or the drug culture) or by some demographic characteristic (such as the adolescent culture or the culture of poverty). ARTICLE: MY-LAI Massacre (chp. 5) structural functional paradigm - emphasize how society is held together; how parts of society of social functions balance society and promote stability. Theory associated with Durkheim and Parsons which states that society should be studied as a WHOLE, and that they are organic systems. It claims that the character of a society's various institutions must be understood in terms of the function each performs which produces a functional ”- smooth running of society as a whole . The Social Conflict paradigm societal arrangements as a system of inequality and conflict, which leads to change. Social Conflictists see how society as divided and unequal. Society as a system of inequalities creates tension and conflict and leads to change. (Marx) Bourgeoisie job to maximize profit and minimize wages. Proletarians job is to provide
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labor to produce, however, they WANT to maximize wages for themselves. According to Marx, this creates contradiction which results in tension within the society. Great upheaval and conflict brings down the old, and creates the new. Marx and Engels, Love and Race Ardizzone and Earl Lewis As Wealthy Fill top
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midterm review - culture beliefs values behavior and...

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