day+3s+-+The+US+Constitution+-+Idea+++Politics

day+3s+-+The+US+Constitution+-+Idea+++Politics - The...

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The Constitution Professor Matthew N. Beckmann Ideas and Politics
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Outline I. Ideas Into Actions II. Making U.S. Government – 1 st Try III. Making U.S. Government – 2 nd Try IV. The Politics A. Federal v. State B. Slave v. Free C. Big v. Small V. Conclusion
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Ideas Into Action Last time we showed that the Declaration got the founding fathers to the notion of a social contract – the idea that people agree to form a government to help them achieve collective goals.
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Ideas Into Action From there, the challenge was how to do it? That is, how to you get a government that that can control citizens yet continues to look out for “ the people’ s interests?
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Ideas Into Action The answer has a few key features: 1. Choose Best Possible Representatives 2. Monitor Their Actions 3. Reward or Punish
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Ideas Into Action 1. Choose Best Possible Representatives a. Free Elections b. Fair Elections c. Competitive Elections
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Ideas Into Action 2. Monitor Their Actions a. Competitive, Fair Process b. Transparent Decision-Making c. Free Press
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Ideas Into Action 3. Reward or Punish a. Free Elections b. Fair Elections c. Competitive Elections d. Frequent Elections
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Conclusion So we previously saw why rational individuals would want to form a government. What remained unclear was what type of government they should want. Now we know…
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Conclusion Ordinary people should want one where… 1. Elections are free, fair, competitive, and frequent. 2. Governance is transparent, debated, with a free press.
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Conclusion "Democracy is the worst form of government except for all those others that have been tried." Winston Churchill
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Making U.S. Government – The 1 st Try Recalling The Declaration of Independence Again, getting representatives to serve the people’s interests was not the founding fathers’ most pressing concern. Instead, they were preoccupied with protecting against tyranny – particularly by a King.
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Making U.S. Government – The 1 st Try Recalling The Declaration of Independence We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men.
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Making U.S. Government – The 1 st Try Recalling The Declaration of Independence Two Points about the Declaration 1. King G 3 is Bad 2. Passive Role for Federal Gov t ( Don t Hurt Each Other )
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Making U.S. Government - The 1 st Try The Articles of Confederation Article I . The Stile of this Confederacy shall be “The United States of America.” Article II . Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled.
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Making U.S. Government - The 1 st Try The Articles of Confederation Basically the Articles said every state for itself except for wars, mail, and money.
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