Canaanite Religion - CANAANITE RELIGION An Overview 1837 Campbell became financially independent as a result of his marriage to Margaret Brown in

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1837. Campbell became financially independent as a re- sult of his marriage to Margaret Brown in 1811, and he spent the remainder of his life living near his wife's home in Brooke County in western Virginia. He became a moderately wealthy man, and in 1829, in his only ven- ture into politics, he was elected a delegate to the Vir- ginia Constitutional Convention. In 1841, Campbell es- tablished Bethany College near his home. Until his death he served as president and professor of moral sci- ences at the college and trained a generation of leaders for Disciples churches. Campbell traveled and preached widely throughout the United States, as well as in Eng- land and Scotland. The aging reformer was discouraged by the sectional tension caused by the slavery debate and the Civil War. He counseled moderation and be- lieved that the restoration movement could survive the tragedy, but by the time of his death his millennial hopes had given way to pessimism. lsee also Disciples of Christ.l BIBLIOGRAPHY No satisfactory biography of Alexander Campbell has yet been written. Probably the best source of information about the reformer is still the classic study written by his friend Rob- ert Richardson, Memoirs of Alexander Campbell, 2 vols. (Phila- delphia, 1868-1870). A novel based on Campbell's life is Louis Cochran's The Fool of God (New York, 1958). Useful specialized studies include Harold L. Lunger's The Political Ethics of Alex- ander Campbel/ (Saint Louis, 1954); R. Frederick West's A/er- ander Campbell and Natural Religion (New Haven, 1948); and D. Ray Lindley's Apostle of Freedont (Saint Louis, 1957). The most comprehensive statement of Campbell's ideas can be found in his own The Christian System, 4th ed. (1866; reprint, New York, 1969). Davrp EowrN HannEu-, Jn. CANAANITE RELIGION. llirts entry consists of two articles, An Overview and The Literature. The first is concerned with Canaanite religious phenomenology from a histoical and social perspective; the second fo- cuses on Canaanite mythological and epic texts.f An Overview The term Canaanite is variously used in both ancient and modern sources. Most popularly, it refers to the in- digenous population of the southwestern Levant, which, according to biblical traditions, was displaced by Isra- elite conquerors late in the second millennium before the common era. This popular usage is, however, both too narrow geographically and fraught with sociohistor- ical difficulties. In this article, the term Canaanite reli- gion will refer mainly to the one Northwest Semitic re- CANAANITE RELIGION: An Overview 35 ligion of the second millennium that is presently well attested, the Ugaritic. It should be borne in mind, how- ever, that ancient sources do not necessarily support the often-asserted equation of "Ugaritic" with "Canaanite," if the terms of the equation are linguistic, ethnic, or po- litical. And in any case, the undoubtedly idiosyncratic Ugaritic data do not facilitate a generally applicable de- scription of "Canaanite" (or, more accurately, "North- west Semitic") religion. Before the late nineteenth century, there were only two sources for the study of the Canaanite religion. The
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PHIL 2610 taught by Professor Steven during the Winter '08 term at Colorado.

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Canaanite Religion - CANAANITE RELIGION An Overview 1837 Campbell became financially independent as a result of his marriage to Margaret Brown in

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