HIST 2710 Test 3 - The Sui-Tang empire(589-905 CE Sui Dynasty(589-618 CE Re-unification of China after more than 3 centuries of division Grand Canal to

HIST 2710 Test 3 - The Sui-Tang empire(589-905 CE Sui...

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- The Sui-Tang empire (589-905 CE) - Sui Dynasty (589-618 CE) - Re-unification of China after more than 3 centuries of division - Grand Canal 运河 to link north and south (supply capital & war in Korea) - Failed attempt to conquer Goguryeo in Korea - Rebellion of peasants and generals - Tang Dynasty (618-905 CE) - Sui-Tang long-term strategy: from aristocracy(big landlord) to gentry(small landlord) - invention of “essay test” on Confucian Classics Civil service exams scholar-official-gentry - “meritocracy”: Confucian theory imperial power - gentry replaced aristocrats: emperor far above biggest landlords - Other Tang measures for stable, lasting imperial power: - Checks and balances within central bureaucracy - Attempting to deal with Han failure rebellions peasant livelihood : - Government granaries to stabilize food prices, provide famine relief; - land distribution/population registration/ taxation/ militia 国ຠ民军 ; - Taxes: grain, textiles, labour; militia service - Militia: inexpensive fighting force & advancement avenue - Tang Code : - clear, simplified laws - Confucian & legalist , some Buddhist influence for more mercy penal 刑事的 , administration law - little civil/commercial law - Government control over commerce & merchants: - Confucian ” theory —scholars, farmers, artisans, merchants - Centralized bureaucratic state + landlords vs mobile commerce - Maintained Han controls: - government monopoly in salt, iron, liquor , some handicrafts - Height of Tang power and prestige 威望 , ca. 650-750 CE - Diplomacy - Compromise with Korea: independent & unified Silla as “tributary state” - Sui re-assertion of Chinese control over north Vietnam ; Tang: “Annam” - war and diplomacy along Great Wall with Turk empire - marriage diplomacy with Tibetan kingdom - military “ protectorate 摄政政体 over Silk Road oasis 绿洲 states - cosmopolitanism 世界༤大同主义 ( openness Chinese self-confidence ) - universal claim of emperor: “Son of Heaven” — ruler of “All Under Heaven” - Buddhism , Daoism patronized 以ྼ高༈人ༀ一等的态度对待 by emperor, along with Confucianism - persons and cultures from all of Asia - ethic Vietnam & Korean officials in Tang government e.g., Gao Xianzhi(Go Sunji), ethnic Korean general of Tang, led campaigns to Central Asia 1
- Korean & Japanese student-monks in China - Silk Road links with west Asia, south Asia: - Persian, Turk, Central Asians soliders, Sogdian merchants, Many (new) religions - Silk Road culture China Korea Japan - Maritime link with South-East, South & West Asia from Canton, Quanzhou, etc. (the “Lost Dhow”) - Battle of Talas (751 CE) (Tang vs Abbasids) one of the most important war in the world history - delineated 描绘 limits of East Asian/Middle East civs & power - western spread of paper making (Baghdad, 794 CE) - end of Buddhist Central Asia; China & India cut off - peaceful eastward spread of Islam as a religion - maritime approach of Islam: Canton & Quanzhou - Decline of Tang empire - An Lushan rebellion (755-762) (Central/West Asian troops 部队 ) breakdown of Tang system - powerful military governors -

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