THE LAW AND LITERATURE - CONTENTS PART ONE Prescribed for 1st year LL.B students(5-years course Legal Themes in Literature 1 The Merchant of Venice

THE LAW AND LITERATURE - CONTENTS PART ONE Prescribed for...

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CONTENTS PART ONE Prescribed for 1st year LL.B students (5-years course) Legal Themes in Literature 1. The Merchant of Venice William Shakespeare 3 2 Joseph Andrews Henry Fielding 24 3. The Pickwick Papers Charles Dickens 33 4. Adam Bede George Eliot 74 5. Puddn 'head Wilson Mark Twain 85 Legal Texts as Literature 6. Apology Plato 109 7. The Impeachment of Warren Hastings Lord Macaulay 120 8. The Great Trial Mahatma Gandhi 132 9. Roses in December M. C. Chagla 143 10. The Interpretaion of Wills Mareva v. Lord Denning 170 International Bulkcarriers Stories of Crime: Rapid Reading 11. The Cop and the Anthem O. Henry 189 12. Murder Arnold Bennett 196 No reference to the context questions will be set on Chapters 11 and 12. CHAPTER 1 WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE The Merchant of Venice (1594-1597)
Shylock's Lawsuit and the Law of Contracts GENERAL NOTE: The Merchant of Venice is one of Shakespeare's best known plays, often prescribed for student courses. Records show it was written some time between 1594 and 1597, and performed soon after. Dramatic literature before Shakespeare was still in its infancy. Today it is difficult to think of English drama without Macbeth, Othello, Lear, Hamlet, Measure for Measure, Twelfth Night etc. AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL NOTE: William Shakespeare (1564-1616), the greatest English playwright, is also referred to as the 'The Bard of Avon'. He was born at Stratford-on- Avon, Warwickshire, England. Historical records show that sometime in the 1580's, he left Stratford and moved to London, where he became an actor. Besides his acting stints and assistance in theatre management, he went on to write thirty-seven plays, in addition to several poems and sonnets. It is uncertain what his father did. Records show he reared sheep, so it is possible he may have been a wool dealer or a glove maker. ABOUT THE PLAY: The play takes its title from Antonio the merchant, and not from Shylock who is also a merchant, but a Jew and the villain of the piece. The story starts with Antonio borrowing money from Shylock, as his dear friend Bassanio needs a loan. Antonio, in his desire to go to any extent for the sake of friendship, decides to borrow from Shylock, agreeing that the latter may have a pound of his flesh, if he should default. Antonio is sure that his ships, laden with their rich merchandise from various lands, will soon arrive safely and he will have no problem paying back Shylock immediately. In the meantime, Bassanio leaves for Belmont to try and win the hand of Portia, whose father has decreed that the man who chooses the right casket out of three (gold, silver and lead), one of which contains his daughter's portrait, shall win her hand in marriage. Bassanio chooses the right casket and wins Portia. Nerissa, Portia's maid-in-waiting, wins Gratiano, Bassanio's friend. Soon after this happy turn of events, Bassanio receives a letter from Antonio informing him of his heavy losses and the Jew's demand of a pound of his flesh.

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