Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - SOCIOLOGY 3AC Professor Brian Powers Lecture...

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Professor Brian Powers 9/17/07 Lecture 10 Sharing or distribution of lecture notes, or sharing of your subscription, is ILLEGAL and will be prosecuted. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course Introduction We’re hoping to get some technical help in here—the screen is not moving over to the projection screen. So, bear with me while somebody… What I can start to do is start to talk out my points. Reader The reader is being redone and I just have to eyeball it to approve its final form. It should be available for exchange or for purchase soon. It wasn’t quite working. Okay. Stratification Let’s go back to talking about Berger and those tools of analysis that he makes possible to us, for you to use in relation to your own biographical exploration. Stratification , according to Berger, is the system of inequality that is not necessarily created by us but by our collective actions and institutions. It is a system of ranking where some get more of some valuable asset than others who get less . That might be interesting all by itself, but there are several important consequences to stratification. The two consequences are disparities (differences in life chances; people have different paths to opportunities ) and that the life experiences of people in the different levels are different enough so one would say, “Are we really living in the same society?” When talking about a class system, we talk in terms of what you get and how you get it. You wind up in a certain social class on the basis of what kind of compensation you are able to pull in through your employment. Some people have lavishly paid jobs and some people work very hard to get paid very little. That process of compensation is what lands people on different floors of Hotel America. Why are there differences in compensation? It’s all about the value you add to the economy. CEOs add a lot of value you add, and people that take care of children in preschool add a little value, I guess. Even so, while we know that there are different compensation levels up and down the occupation structure, there’s another dimension. That dimension… I can’t remember. Let’s come back to that. Page 80 of Berger Let’s look at what Berger says about the compensation of social class. The extent to which economic disparity can affect the range of the quality of your life cannot be explained but by sociologist folks. “…income and occupation can make a long list of predictions about the individual in question even if no further information is given. Like all sociological predictions…” This was a very self-explanatory paragraph that can be found on page 80 of Berger’s book. The sociologist can even estimate the individual’s vocabulary and guess the individual’s political inclinations. There have been systematic studies by
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course SOC 3 taught by Professor Don'tremember during the Fall '04 term at Berkeley.

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Lecture 10 - SOCIOLOGY 3AC Professor Brian Powers Lecture...

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