310_Note_Pages_Lecture_3_US_Constitutions_F06

310_Note_Pages_Lecture_3_US_Constitutions_F06 -...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Constitutional Issues: Electoral College; Gerrymandering Lecture 3 GOV 310L Gary Keith And the questions are... How fair is the Electoral College--what are its origins and purpose--what would happen if we did not have it? Why does gerrymandering still exist, and why do we give that power to people who are going to abuse it? Why not make county lines and stick to them, like our state lines have been fixed for so long? Outline I. II. III. IV. V. Constitutionalism 1st U.S. Constitution Switching Constitutions The Constitutional Convention Revising the Constitution I. Constitutionalism Agreedto governmental structures, political processes, and limitations on the uses of power II. First U.S. Constitution 2nd Continental Congress Ratified during the war No executive No judiciary State sovereignty; state (not people) equality Congress of the Confederation II. First U.S. Constitution: Congress Unicameral One stateOne vote 9 required for legislative action No taxing, monetary, or trade power Committees administered the laws III. Switching Constitutions Political/Economic Context IV. The Constitutional Convention Who Was There? Socioeconomic elite of the day The nation's future government leaders IV. The Constitutional Convention: Who Was NOT There? Small farmers, laborers Republican skeptics Battles at the Convention 1) 2) 3) 4) Individual Rights Slavery Representation Presidency 1. Individual Rights Bill of Rights voted down Bill of Rights added by 1st Congress (and states) 2. Slavery Inviolable until 1808 Slaves 3/5 of a person for purposes of representation Return of fugitive slaves 3. Representation States? Or People? Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan Connecticut Compromise 3. Representation House, based on population Senate, selected by state governments Regulating Political Equality Why does gerrymandering still exist, and why do we give that power to people who are going to abuse it? Why not make county lines and stick to them, like our state lines have been fixed for so long? 4. The Presidency Strong Executive? Selection? 4. The Presidency Decision: terms of office powers How fair is the Electoral College--what are its origins and purpose--what would happen if we did not have it? The Electoral College States choose electors Electors vote Congress makes final decision V. Revising the U.S. Constitution Constitution as an agreement among the people, the states, and the national government Amendment should require agreement among all three parties V. Revising the U.S. Constitution A. B. Amendment Constitutional Convention V. Revising the U.S. Constitution A. Amendment Initiation: By Congress By States A. Amendment V. Revising the U.S. Constitution Congressional Initiation: 2/3 of House 2/3 of Senate Decision on timeline for ratification Decision on whether to submit to state legislatures or state conventions V. Revising the U.S. Constitution A. Amendment Ratification of states All have been by state st legislatures (except for 21 ) V. Revising the U.S. Constitution B. Constitutional Conventions U.S.: Never since 1787?? V. Revising the U.S. Constitution B. Constitutional Conventions U.S. Constitution--Convention by State Initiation: 2/3 of states petition Congress calls Convention Convention proposes amendments Ratification: of states ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern