310_Note_Pages_Lecture_3_US_Constitutions_F06

310_Note_Pages_Lecture_3_US_Constitutions_F06 -...

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Unformatted text preview: Constitutional Issues: Electoral College; Gerrymandering Lecture 3 GOV 310L Gary Keith And the questions are... How fair is the Electoral College--what are its origins and purpose--what would happen if we did not have it? Why does gerrymandering still exist, and why do we give that power to people who are going to abuse it? Why not make county lines and stick to them, like our state lines have been fixed for so long? Outline I. II. III. IV. V. Constitutionalism 1st U.S. Constitution Switching Constitutions The Constitutional Convention Revising the Constitution http://www.archives.gov/nationalarchivesexper I. Constitutionalism Agreedto governmental structures, political processes, and limitations on the uses of power II. First U.S. Constitution 2nd Continental Congress Ratified during the war No executive No judiciary State sovereignty; state (not people) equality Congress of the Confederation II. First U.S. Constitution: Congress Unicameral One stateOne vote 9 required for legislative action No taxing, monetary, or trade power Committees administered the laws III. Switching Constitutions Political/Economic Context IV. The Constitutional Convention http://utopia.utexas.edu/project/constitution/ Who Was There? Socioeconomic elite of the day The nation's future government leaders IV. The Constitutional Convention: Who Was NOT There? Small farmers, laborers Republican skeptics Battles at the Convention 1) 2) 3) 4) Individual Rights Slavery Representation Presidency 1. Individual Rights Bill of Rights voted down Bill of Rights added by 1st Congress (and states) http://laits.utexas.edu/gov310/CF/index.html 2. Slavery Inviolable until 1808 Slaves 3/5 of a person for purposes of representation Return of fugitive slaves 3. Representation States? Or People? Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan Connecticut Compromise 3. Representation House, based on population Senate, selected by state governments Regulating Political Equality Why does gerrymandering still exist, and why do we give that power to people who are going to abuse it? Why not make county lines and stick to them, like our state lines have been fixed for so long? http://laits.utexas.edu/gov310/CO/index.html 4. The Presidency Strong Executive? Selection? 4. The Presidency Decision: terms of office powers How fair is the Electoral College--what are its origins and purpose--what would happen if we did not have it? The Electoral College States choose electors Electors vote Congress makes final decision V. Revising the U.S. Constitution Constitution as an agreement among the people, the states, and the national government Amendment should require agreement among all three parties V. Revising the U.S. Constitution A. B. Amendment Constitutional Convention V. Revising the U.S. Constitution A. Amendment Initiation: By Congress By States A. Amendment V. Revising the U.S. Constitution Congressional Initiation: 2/3 of House 2/3 of Senate Decision on timeline for ratification Decision on whether to submit to state legislatures or state conventions V. Revising the U.S. Constitution A. Amendment Ratification of states All have been by state st legislatures (except for 21 ) V. Revising the U.S. Constitution B. Constitutional Conventions U.S.: Never since 1787?? V. Revising the U.S. Constitution B. Constitutional Conventions U.S. Constitution--Convention by State Initiation: 2/3 of states petition Congress calls Convention Convention proposes amendments Ratification: of states ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2008 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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