Lecture 22 - SOCIOLOGY 3AC Professor Brian Powers 10/15/07...

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Sharing or distribution of lecture notes, or sharing of your subscription, is ILLEGAL and will be prosecuted. Our non-profit, student-run program depends on your individual subscription for its continued existence. These notes are copyrighted by the University of California and are for your personal use only. Sharing or copying these notes is illegal and could end note taking for this course ANNOUNCEMENTS Good morning everyone. We are just doing a bit of tech tuning up front. It turns out the system is even confusing to the tech expert. I am relieved that it is just not my clumsiness. One announcement I will make today is that Corliss Lee will be here on Wednesday to tell you about the census data bases so that you can work on your tables three and four in the sociobiography continuing project. The second announcement I need to make is that I need to cancel my office hours because I am on jury duty in San Francisco. I may be picked for a jury but I hope not. I do not want to be in judgment of my fellow man. So those are the two items; Corliss and no office hours for today. LECTURE Today I want to revisit some data about Hotel America, especially the table on occupational distributions. This is up at bspace. Let us look closely at what this table is telling us. This is an image of the structure of opportunity in the United States from about 1900 until next year. It is telling us what we as Americans in this society did to earn our daily bread. The table uses the usual occupational categories; the broad ones. There are thousands of jobs but these are the broad categories. In 1900 only 4.3% of us were professionals. However if you fast forward to 1980, we have 16%. In 2008 it is projected to be 15.6%. Why are there so many more professionals? Another question would be what does that number of professionals, the up tick, mean for the whole of society? Who gets to be a professional? Who does not? How are those 15.6% of the population picked? How did it happen and what does it mean? Let us take another item in that table. Let us scroll down to farm workers. 37.5% were involved in farming in the 1900. One third of the population fed us or fed themselves. Fast forward to 2008 and there are only 2.8% involved in agriculture. The percent includes agribusiness people (farm owners) but it also includes laborers. There is no way we can say that the United States is an agrarian society. Let us go to the middle of the table and look at the operative category. It means factory workers. It means you operate machinery. The operative is the occupational category of the industrial era. You work machines in factories and you produce things. Way back 1900 12.8% of us were factory workers. That number went up in 1920 to 15.6%. In 1940 it
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course SOC 3 taught by Professor Don'tremember during the Fall '04 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Lecture 22 - SOCIOLOGY 3AC Professor Brian Powers 10/15/07...

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