Lec+2+-+Evolution+of+Management+SM+to+HR - Lecture 2...

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Lecture 2
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circle5 Approaches to management can be characterised according to whether they are grounded in an ideology of: circle5 Rational Control –efficiency, streamlining of production processes, individual self-interest circle5 Normative Control –regulation of employees by managing thoughts and emotions as well as behaviour
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circle5 The beginning of the 20 th century witnessed the transformation of business organizations from “..chaotic and ad-hoc factories to rationalised, well- ordered manufacturing settings” (Thompson & McHugh, 2002:20) circle5 Engineers played a significant role in developing a systematic approach to management circle5 Frederick Taylor was particularly important as he played a crucial role in theorising and popularising the new ideas
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Frederick W. Taylor (1856-1915) founder of scientific Management believed that by increasing specialization and the division of labor, the production process will be more efficient. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=slfFJXVAepE
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circle5 Development of Science for each part of men’s job circle5 Scientific selection and training of workers circle5 Co-operation between management and workers to ensure that the work is done according to the science circle5 Equal division of work between management and workers, each side doing what it is best suited for
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Determine the ‘ONE BEST WAY’ to do each job Select the ‘FIRST CLASS MEN’ to do each job ‘PAY PER PIECE’ ‘DUTIES OF MANAGEMENT’
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Scientificselectionandtrainingofemployeesleadsto betterworkforcewhichensuresincreaseinefficiency. Harmonious relationship between the workers and themanagement. Opportunity for scientific training and development toincreaseskillsknowledgeandcompetency. Application of scientific methods and techniques in betterworkingconditionstoreducefatigue. Higherwagestotheworkersforhigherproductivity.
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circle5 Separation of the conception of work from its execution –managers defined as intelligent, workers as ignorant circle5 The division of work into minute and regularized movements circle5 Appropriation of workers’ autonomy and
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