Transatlantic Encounters - p0026-31aspe-0101s5 3:47 PM Page...

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In January 1492, the Genoese sailor Christopher Columbusstood before the Spanish court with a daring plan: he would finda route to Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. Theplan was accepted, and on August 3, 1492, Columbus embarkedon a voyage that changed the course of history. He began hisjournal by restating the deal he had struck with Spain.A PERSONALVOICECHRISTOPHER COLUMBUSBased on the information that I had given Your Highnesses aboutthe land of India and about a Prince who is called the Great Khan [ofChina], which in our language means ‘King of Kings,’ YourHighnesses decided to send me . . . to the regions of India, to see . .. the peoples and the lands, and to learn of . . . the measures whichcould be taken for their conversion to our Holy Faith. . . . YourHighnesses . . . ordered that I shall go to the east, but not by land as iscustomary. I was to go by way of the west, whence until today we do notknow with certainty that anyone has gone. . . . —The Log of Christopher ColumbusAlthough Columbus did not find a route to Asia, his voyage set in motion aprocess that brought together the American, European, and African worlds. Columbus Crosses the AtlanticThe Niña, Pinta, and Santa Mariaslid quietly out of a Spanish port in the predawnhours of August 3, 1492. Although they were setting out into the unknown, theircrews included no soldiers, priests, or ambassadors—only sailors and cabin boyswith a taste for the sea. In a matter of months, Columbus’s fleet would reach thesandy shores of what was to Europeans an astonishing new world. FIRST ENCOUNTERSAt about 2 A.M. on October 12, 1492, a lookout aboardthe Pintacaught sight of two white sand dunes sparkling in the moonlight. Inbetween lay a mass of dark rocks. “Tierra! Tierra!” he shouted. “Land! Land!” 26CHAPTER1Terms & NamesTerms & NamesMAIN IDEAMAIN IDEATransatlantic EncountersChristopherColumbusTainocolonizationColumbianExchangeTreaty ofTordesillasColumbus’s voyages set offa chain of events thatbrought together thepeoples of Europe, Africa,and the Americas.The interactions among thepeople of these threecontinents laid the foundationsfor modern multiculturalAmerica.WHY IT MATTERS NOWWHY IT MATTERS NOWOne European's StoryImage not availablefor use on CD-ROM.Please refer to theimage in the textbook.p0026-31aspe-0101s5 10/16/02 3:47 PM Page 26

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