ITAL 101 TEST 1 - Italian Pronunciation There are 21...

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Italian Pronunciation There are 21 letters in the Italian alphabet. The written forms and names are: a - a g - gi o - o u - u b - bi h - acca p - pi v - vu (or vi) c - ci i - i q - qu z - zeta d - di l - elle r - erre e - e m - emme s - esse f - e ff e n - enne t - ti When i and u are unstressed and precede or follow another vowel, they change sounds. i - like y in yet più piano u - like the w in wet un uomo buono Several consonant sounds need special attention because of the manner in which they are pronounced or the way they are spelled. h is always silent: ha hanna ahi! oh! hotel d /d/ and t /t/ are similar to English but more dentalized due denti vado grande modo tre Tivoli alto tempo molto p /p/ is as is in English but less plosive papà Padova dopo piano parola q /kw/ is followed by the letter u and is pronounced like the qu in quest qui quando Pasqua quale quaderno l /l/ is pronounced more forward in the mouth than in English la lire lei libro lingua r /r/ is trilled. It is pronounced by pointing the tip of the tongue toward the gum of the upper teeth Roma caro treno amore vero s /z/ is pronounced as in rose when it is between vowels or when it begins a word in combination with the voiced consonants b, d, g, l, m, n, r, and v. rosa paese esame snob sviluppo s is voiceless /s/ as in sell in all other cases sto studio destino rosso sera z is sometimes voiced /dz/ as in beds, sometimes voiceless /ts/ as in bets /dz/ /ts/ zero romanzo marzo Venezia zeta mezzo pizza grazie c and g before i and e are soft / č /, /g/ as in chill and gentle cento baci ciao Cesare cinema gesto gentile giorno viaggio pagina c and g in all other cases are hard /k/, /g/ as in call and go poco ca ff è caro amico cura classe scrivere pago guida lungo guerra gusto grosso dogma
ch and gh (found only before e or i) are also hard /k/ and /g/ che chi pochi perché cuochi aghi righe laghi ghetto paghiamo gli /y/ sounds like lli in million gli fogilo figlio famiglia voglio gn /n/ sounds approximately like the ni in onion ogni signora lavagna cognome insegnare sc before i or e has a soft sound / š / as in shell sciare pesce scienza scena scemo sch before i or e sounds hard /sk/ as in skill schiavo schema dischi mosche maschio Italian Vocab Accent words perché why, because a nché so that né...né neither...nor macché no way benché although purché provided that Some carry the accent to distinguish between another word e and è is da from gives te you tea si oneself yes la the there
Cognates- Nouns biologia biology

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