IR-100 Midterm Essays

IR-100 Midterm Essays - Essay 1 Gaddis arguments Washington...

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Essay 1 Gaddis arguments Washington negotiated with its West European allies; compromised on differences, and extended its influence primarily with its partner’s approval Soviet empire was the more dangerous and destabilizing of the two and more directly culpable for the onset of the Cold War The conditions for establishing an empire were in place long before there was nay clear intention on the part of its leaders to do so The US had been posed for global hegemony at the end of WWI – military forces played a decisive role in brining that conflict to an end US’s ideology commanded enormous respect The Senate’s rejection of membership in the League of Nation reflected the public’s distinct lack of enthusiasm for international peace-keeping responsibilities. US opposes authoritarianism everywhere Both the Roosevelt and Truman administrations stressed political self- determination and economic integration > multilateralism Marshall Plan was the means by which American officials sought to project overseas the mutually-beneficial relationship between business, labor, and government they had worked out at home Political self-determination and economic integration was intended to work by assuming a set of common interest that would cause other countries to want to be affiliated with it rather than to resist it. State Department official John D. Hicekrson commented in 1948, “not merely an extension of US influence but a real European organization strong enough to say ‘no’ both to the Soviet Union and the United States” Odd Arne Westad US was an interventionist power that based its foreign policy on territorial expansion Anticollectivism is central to American ideology – the independent individual can be a republican, the canaille cannot Most Americans shared a reluctance to accept centralized political power and avoiding strong state Part of the “rational action” of early America was the market
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course IR 100xg taught by Professor Siler during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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IR-100 Midterm Essays - Essay 1 Gaddis arguments Washington...

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