EXAM 1 Review OCE - Oceanography EXAM 1 Review Questions 1 The four principal ocean basins(plus an additional ocean on Earth are the A Atlantic Arctic

EXAM 1 Review OCE - Oceanography EXAM 1 Review Questions 1...

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1 Oceanography – EXAM 1 Review Questions 1) The four principal ocean basins (plus an additional ocean) on Earth are the: A) Atlantic, Arctic, Mediterranean, Southern, and Pacific Oceans. B) Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Southern, and Arctic Oceans. C) Atlantic, Antarctic, Southern, Mediterranean, and Pacific Oceans. D) Antarctic, Caspian, Southern, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. E) Antarctic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern Oceans. 2) The largest of the ocean basins, which currently covers more than half of the ocean surface, is the: 3) All of the following are characteristics of seas except: 4) The average depth of the world's oceans is approximately: 5) All of the following are TRUEconcerning the deepest part of the ocean except: A) the bottom of this trench was visited by Piccard and Walsh in the Triestein 1960. B) the deepest part of the ocean is located in a trench off the coast of Japan. C) the depth of this trench exceeds the height of Mount Everest. D) the depth of this trench is estimated at 11,022 meters (~36,161 feet). E) this trench is called the Mariana Trench. 6) The first humans from Western Hemisphere known to have developed the art of navigation were the: 7) The method of determining latitude in the Northern Hemisphere by measuring the angle
2 between an observer's line of site to the North Star and line of site to the northern horizon was developed by: 8) The first person we are aware of who determined the circumference of the Earth using trigonometry and the angle of sunlight at Alexandria, Egypt, was: 9) Most of the explorations by northern and western Europeans during the Middle (Dark) Ages were undertaken by: A) Italy. B) Portugal. C) Vikings of Scandinavia. D) France. E) Spain. 10) The European "Age of Discovery" began with:

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