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Tennyson Dickens

Tennyson Dickens - Victorian Age(1830-1901 Reign of Queen...

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Victorian Age (1830-1901) Reign of Queen Victoria Shift of the center of culture and civilization moves from Paris to London (end of 19 th century) Growing wage and wealth disparity- leading to poverty etc Establishment of colonies for raw materials Imperialist attitude Victoria- family values and moral responsibility First photographed queen- mother-like figure, available in every house 1830’s- transitional, romantic poets dying, -1 st railroad was built - Sense of smothering overproduction. -1832- Reform Bill, abolished rotten boroughs and extended the vote (to middle class men who owned property) -1833- Slavery is abolished -1837- Huge financial crash, bad harvests, hunger, poverty, etc 1840’s- “The Hungry 40’s” 1845- another crop failure leads to repeal of tariffs on imported corn- Corn Laws (corn means any grain) Alfred, Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) o He was an extremely popular poet—he replaced Wordsworth as the poet laureate of his time o Right after his death their was backlash against him from the newer poets because they were trying to get away from their Victorian ancestors o His father was disinherited from his wealthy family
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o His family was pretty eccentric—one of his brothers was committed to an asylum, one was addicted to opium, one fought often with his father, and his father had a bad temper and drinking habit o He was trained in classical and modern languages, and attended Cambridge University o While at Cambridge he joined a group of gifted undergraduates known as “The Apostles”. They encouraged him to devote his life to poetry. In 1831 family dissentions and financial need forced him to drop out of Cambridge and return home. There he studied and practiced poetry. o His best friend and one of the leaders of the Apostles was Arthur Hallam. Hallam’s sudden death in 1833 left a lasting impression on Tennyson and Tennyson wrote In Memoriam in 1850 as an elegy to his dear friend. From this work he attained fame and full critical recognition for his work. o Married to Emily Sellwood in 1850 after being engaged for 14 years because he could not afford a wedding. o He had an interesting appearance: big cloak, broad-brimmed hat, big bushy beard. o People say that his work declined after In Memoriam o The technological changes wrought by Victorian inventers and engineers fascinated him. Sometimes it gave him the assurance of human progress and other times it destroyed his hopes that humans were evolving upward. o Although interested innovation he wrote more about rural rather than urban life. Also most of his poems are set in the past, be it about his own past, the country’s past, or the world’s past. “The Lady of Shalott” Glorifies the past of English people, like many Romantic poets Form: stanzas of 9 8 lines of iambic tetrameter, followed by 1 line of iambic trimeter 5 th line ends in “Camelot” (except one time “Lancelot”) and the 9 th ends in Shallot (except one time “Lancelot”)- this repetitive rhyme scheme continues to bring the reader back to the Lady’s confined situation and the repetitiveness of her activities.
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