WWIIStudyGuide - I II III Isolationism and Withdrawal A...

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I.Isolationism and Withdrawal A.London Economics Conference (1933) 1.Isolationism from Europe 2.Organize collaborative effort to fix econ problems on international scale a)Need to solve Great Depression 3.FDR withdraws from conference a)Needs to address U.S. issuesb)“Every man for himself” B.Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934) 1.Withdrawal from Asia 2.Provided for independence of Philippines after 12-year period of political and economic tutelage 3.Japanese militarists miscalculated that they had nothing to fear from U.S. C. USSR 1.FDR 1st president to officially recognize communist government of USSR a)1933 in Depression→ need trade partner to stimulate econ growth b)Potential military ally vs. Germany and Japan II.Good Neighbor Policy (for trade and military alliances) A.Promoting better relations with Latin America through mutual respect B. Cuba 1.Sign agreement to cancel Platt Amendment C. Panama 1.Gave up right to intervene D. Haiti 1.Removed marines E.Mexico (1938) 1.Largely impoverished nation 2.Oil workers demanding better wages 3.Little political stability; revolutionary mood 4.President of Mexico nationalizes Mexican oil industry a)Oil companies pressure FDR for intervention 5.FDR recognizes Mexico’s right to control own oil resources III.Foreign Trade (FDR and Secretary of State Hull) A.Believed trade was a 2-way street 1.Nation can sell abroad as it buys abroad 2.Trade barriers choke foreign trade 3.Trade wars→ shooting wars B.Reciprocal Trade Agreement 1.Designed to increase US exports 2.Empowered president to lower existing tariff rates up to 50% provided that other country willing to respond with similar reductions 3.Landmark legislation because reverses tradition of high protective tariff policy since Civil IV. War Post-WWI Europe and Asia
C. Totalitarianism 1.Spread throughout Europe after WWI 2.Individual has no rights or influence 3.state>individual 4.Government controls all aspects of life D. Fascism 1.Brand of totalitarianism that advocates for strong, centralized nationalistic government headed by powerful dictator 2.Dictator has to have support of military E. Hitler 1.Comes to power in 1933 2.Used provisions of Treaty of Versailles and post-war unemployment as political capital F.Rome-Berlin Axis 1.Hitler and Mussolini align themselves in alliance 2.Mutual defense agreement G. Japan 1.Resentful of Treaty of Versailles 2.Wanted to expand because they thought they were booming power 3.1934: terminated agreements of Washington Naval Conference 4.Walked out on London Economic Conference because not given parity a)Led to massive buildup of navy H.League of Nations 1.Did not punish misbehavior 2.Germany violated Treaty of Versailles by building up military a)League did nothing to respond 3.1931: Japan invaded Manchuria a)League only condemned Japan b)Japan quits League of Nations, setting bad precedent 4.Italy invades Ethiopia a)League has ineffective economic boycott I.Neutrality Acts 1.U.S. believed immune from European and Asian problems 2.

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