COMPARATIVE LAW_final OL - INTRO GEN'L INFO Comparative...

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INTRO. & GEN’L. INFO Comparative methodology : look  for history/reasons behind the  laws (beyond compare/contrast)//  no subst. law, only multiple  foreign sources; Comparative   perspective : widens  perspective/understanding of your  own system; Functionalism : how  does the law actually function?  Look at outcomes; Universalism legal principles present in all  legal systems; Macro - vs. micro-   comparison : examining broadly  varying areas of law vs.  investigating the resolution of a  specific legal problem Why do CVLians feel superior  about their legal sys?   older  (deeply rooted in culture);  codification (reliability &  certainty)   THE CIVIL LAW   TRADITION : Five sub-traditions of CVL oversimplified – 1) Rmn CVL; 2)  CN L; 3) Comm. L; 4)  Revolution; 5) Legal Sci. //  RMN.   L Republic   – jurisconsults made  law their specialty (advisory  role); formal and rigid.  Classical  – flexible stdrds replaced fxd  rules, attn. to practical details,  terms of art; Rmn. L rediscovered  after Middle Ages, after most  ancient sources had been lost – all  that survived was Justinian’s 6th  C Corpus Juris Civilis (CJC) [4  parts: institutes, digest , code novels – D&C together were  meant to be a complete rest. of  Rmn. L]  Revival   – began 1050  ad, econ. expansion renewed  interest in law; N Italy – CJC, 1st  gen. students (glossators) studied  Digest; next gen. (commentators)  adapted RL to own society  (rational inquiry). RL, glossators,  commentators became  jus  commune  (common law) of  Europe. [ Prof : the “civil law”  (ancient categories of persons,  family, etc.) is fundamental law  in the minds of most CVLians];  (M)  6th C Justinian (persons,  family, inheritance, property,  torts, UE, K, and remedies) =  “civil law” to a CVLian atty.  [note: “Rmn. Civil L” vs. “civil L  sys.” Distinction] //   CANON L after 1st break up of RL, church  took over some govt functions,  and was the single most important  factor in diverse & localized CVL  systems until RL revival. Hybrid  (Christian notions with RL  structure, principles, and rules);  during MA, church got JD for its  own tribunals – crim L and  succession – some rules and  procedures were later accepted by  secular tribunals.  COMM. L social changes created need for  new body of law, RL had no  guidance so merchants’ assoc.  and guilds est. their own rules &  tribunals (but relied on info  from ; laws became recog. &  applied as customary law (secular  & CN L). //  REVOLUTION ( Prof : A radical reconfiguration  of the political and legal order)  Began in Fr., swept away 
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