Tort Slides - Torts I Fall 2006 Section B 12:15 1:30...

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Torts I Fall 2006 Section B 12:15 – 1:30 Monday/Wednesday
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Torts:  Course Goals (1) Knowledge of Substantive Rules and  Acquaintance with the Legal  Topography (2)  Facility with the Interplay of Law and Fact (3)  Understanding of How Tort Law Changes (1) Appreciation of the Relationship of  Common Law and Statutes Focus:  Rules, Process, Policy
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Torts:   Preliminary Observations (1)  Largely a Common Law        Subject (2) Concerned with the Costs      of Accidents -- Past and Future (3) Categories:  Intentional Injury Failure to Exercise Care Strict Liability (4)  Remedies: Damages Injunctions Restitution Self-Help (5)Realities: Settlement Cross-claims Contingent Fees
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1.   Base liability on fault 2.   Limit liability in proportion to fault 3.   Deter accidents 4.   Spread losses broadly 5.   Shift losses to deep pockets 6.   Reconcile burdens with benefits 7.   Foster predictability 8.   Facilitate progress and economic growth 9.   Promote administrative convenience and  efficiency 10. Discourage the waste of resources 11. Accord due deference to co-equal branches 12. Fully compensate victims Competing Public Policies in Tort Law
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Intent Two Varieties : Purpose - Subjective Desire Knowledge - "Substantial Certainty" Either is sufficient to establish an intentional tort.
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Liability Based on Fault Intentional Injury : Purpose -  Subjective Desire  to Cause a Particular Result Knowledge - "Substantial Certainty " that a Particular Result Will  Occur Recklessness : Subjectively Defined :  Conscious   Disregard of A  Serious Risk Objectively Defined : Risk Totally Disproportionate to  Utility Negligence Conduct Posing an Unreasonable Risk of Harm
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Bases of Liability Liability Based on Fault : Intentional Torts Recklessness Negligence Liability Without Fault : Strict Liability
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Consequences  of Classification: The Classification of a Tort as Intentional, Reckless,  Negligent, or Strict Liability Has a Bearing on: (a)  Scope of Liability (b)  Punitive Damages (c)  Defenses (d)  Respondeat Superior (e)  Insurance (f)   Immunities (g)  Worker's Compensation (h)  Statutes of Limitation
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Contributory Negligence Failure to Exercise Reasonable Care  on One's Own Behalf Assumption of the Risk (1) Voluntary Confrontation of a (2) Subjectively Appreciated Danger, (3) Manifesting Willingness to  Relieve the Defendant of Any Obligation to  Exercise Care
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Effect of  Contributory Negligence: At Common Law : CN could be raised as a defense only in a negligence action  and was always a 100% bar to liability. Under Comparative Negligence
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Tort Slides - Torts I Fall 2006 Section B 12:15 1:30...

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