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CHAPTER 11 SOCIOLOGY OF TOURISM LEARNING OBJECTIVES Appreciate the inordinate social impact which travel experiences have on the individual, the family or group, and society as a whole, especially the host society. Recognize that a country’s indigenous population may resent the presence of visitors, especially in large numbers. Also recognize that the influence of these visitors may be considered detrimental – both socially and economically. Discover that travel patterns change with changing life characteristics and social class. Become familiar with the concept of social tourism and its importance in various countries. Perceive that there are four extremes relating to the travel behavior preferences of international tourists. CHAPTER OUTLINE Outline Summary Points of Emphasis 1. Effects on the individual Tourism, if properly managed by both the traveler and the host community, can and should produce mutually beneficial social effects. The degree of immersion into the host society is a matter of personal choice. Immersion could range from superficial to life-seeing. 2. Effects on the family Family trips are usually the highlight of the year, especially if the trip provides a generous measure of adventure and educational opportunities. Parents should strive to maximize the trip’s benefits. 3. Effects on society Good and bad results of mass tourism can occur in the host community. Good if there is a conscious local effort to create social contacts such as hosting a tea. Bad if little or no effort is made to achieve social contract and if drastic changes in ways of life become necessary in order to host visitors. Tourists are easy targets for criminals and hotels must help
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