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IR Essay1 - PSC 124"The Liberalistic Policy Agenda of...

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PSC 124 “The Liberalistic Policy Agenda of Barack Obama and “’A Global Good Neighbor Ethic for International Relations’” A liberalistic perspective can also be called Idealism, Internationalism, Institutionalism, or Pluralism. This perspective focuses on maximizing the well being of states, and has the central principal of self-determination. The means it goes by to reach these goals is through the military, organizations, regimes, and a plethora of laws. (Goldstein & Pevenhouse, 2008). Two examples of this perspective in policy would be the agenda of Barack Obama and “A Global Good Neighbor Ethic for International Relations”. Obama is a democratic candidate for the 2008 presidential election. “A Global Good Neighbor Ethic for International Relations” is a document written by Tom Barry and a few other authors that discusses a new foreign policy for the United States. Although Both Obama and “A Global Good Neighbor Ethic for International Relations” have a liberalistic theoretical perspective when it comes to their position on issues pertaining to the United States and the rest of the global community, they have policies with both similar and different plans of attack. There are many viewpoints expressed in “A Good Neighbor Ethic for International Relations” that express a liberalistic perspective. The actors that this ethics guideline deems important are the United States, intergovernmental organizations such as the United Nations, nongovernmental organizations, like churches and multinational corporations like Wal-Mart. All of these actors are seen as important because they all deal with the global community as a whole which is one of the features of a liberalistic perspective. It deals with not just the well being of the state but the community as well. An example in “A Good Neighbor Ethic for International Relations” would be the relationship between the United States and Multinational Corporations. It says, “A foreign policy that equates the objectives of Wal-Mart, Exxon/Mobil, Halliburton, and Lockheed Martin with U.S. national interest is badly askew” (Barry et al., 2005: 5). This is significant because this is saying that the US needs to make sure when it makes policies, they are looking at the best interests for the global community as a whole, and not just them and a MNC. Obama also views important actors to be IGOs, NGOs and MNC’s. By identifying these groups as
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important actors in international relations, a collective approach is being taken and it may become easier for mutual cooperation to occur since both parties are able to see that little people are just as important as the larger ones. Another topic this paper addresses conflicts that the United States is having and ways that it can fix them. In principal two, new foreign and domestic policies are addressed. One issue it specifically mentions is, “Current foreign and domestic policies represent interests that diverge sharply from the welfare of the common citizen. They are policies that favor narrow economic interest and define US
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