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EBio- Ch. 28 Vocab

EBio- Ch. 28 Vocab - Chapter 28 Protists Protist An...

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Chapter 28: Protists Protist An informal term applied to any eukaryote that is not a plant, animal, or fungus. Most protests are unicellular, though some are colonial or multicellular. Mixotroph An organism that is capable of both photosynthesis and heterotrophy. Secondary Endosymbiosis A process in eukaryote evolution in which a heterotrophic eukaryotic cell engulfed a photosynthetic eukaryote cell, which survived in a symbiotic relationship inside the heterotrophic cell. Diplomonad A protist that has modified mitochondria, two equal-sized nuclei, and multiple flagella. Parabasalid A protist such as a trichomonad with modified mitochondria. Kinetoplastid A protist, such as Trypanosoma, which has a single large mitochondrion that houses extranuclear DNA. Euglenid A protist, such as Euglena or its relatives, characterized by an anterior pocket, or chamber, from which one or two flagella emerge. Dinoflagellate 1
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Member of a group of mostly unicellular photosynthetic algae with two flagella situated in perpendicular grooves in cellulose plates covering the cell.
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