1 April - Politeness Theory • Goffman’s idea of...

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Linguistic Characteristics of Messages Denotative vs. Connotative meaning o Denotative – dictionary definition o Connotative – individual interpretation Content vs. Relational level meaning o Content level – information about topic o Relational level – source/receiver Surface vs. Deep structure meaning o Surface structure – study of syntax o Deep structure – study of semantics (the meaning behind the words) Action Assembly Theory How do people choose a message frame? We restore frames from past experience If-then-when mentality Process of assembling a prior action Message is contingent on the situation Message construction is strategic Coordinated Management of Meaning Theory Interactants socially construct their realities Co-construct the meaning of the conversation Three variables of this theory o Coherence (every situation is different) o Coordination (rules begin to coincide) o Mystery (unexplainable elements) Meanings and realities are a social construction Analogous to the “constitutive view” of communication
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Unformatted text preview: Politeness Theory • Goffman’s idea of facework includes: o Positive face o Negative face o Threatened face o Embarrassed face • Through language we have the capability of: o Enhancing one’s face (i.e. compliments) o Depreciating one’s face (i.e. use of jokes) o Saving one’s face (i.e. use of verification) • Reparation – process of repair Types of Messages • One-up messages (domination) • One-down messages (submission) • One-across messages (neutral) Types of Responses • Acceptance (accept other’s offer) • Rejection (reject other’s offer) • Avoidance (refuse to respond to other’s offer) When Do We Rely on Nonverbal Communication? • Forming first impressions • There is a conflict between words and actions • We have no access to verbal cues Nonverbal Encoding and Decoding • Encoding o Idea into message • Decoding o Message into idea o Can be inaccurate o Can be incomplete o Can be exaggerated...
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1 April - Politeness Theory • Goffman’s idea of...

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