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Unit 8CharlemagneCarolingian Renaissance- (900-1000)A cultural and intellectualflowering which took place during the rule of Charlemange,it wascreated because both Charlemange and his son believed it important to be apatron of learning and the arts. Learning was the foundation of the Christianwisdom, which was necessary for salvation.oThe influence of the Carolingian Renaissance would carry on in thewestern European life until WWI. It was backed by the belief thatlearning was essential to salvation.oDeveloped a new style of writing.o*Important because it created an ideal of the court as an intellectualand cultural center that influenced western Europe through the 19thcentury (Carolingian handwriting)Charles Martel-The grandfather to Charlemange, he consolidated controlover the Merovingian royal administration and in 733/734 he defeated aMuslim raiding party that was planning to attack Paris. This defeat of theMuslims gained him great respect and he ruled the Frankish people from 737to his death in 741.Charlemagne-. Combined empires, conquered by the sword, and madepeople swear their allegiance to him. He also converted all people of thelands he conquered toChristianity, sometimes by force.oIn order to help him rule his vast land, he appointed counts who wouldsupervise governance within territories. He established officials whoconvened courts, established tolls, administered royal lands, andcollected taxes. The way he ruled set the standard forroyaladministration in Europe.oEstablished importance on written recordso“Christian King”– Kings responsibilities for his kingdom’s spiritualwelfare more important than his secular responsibilities
oMade emperor by pope, but was skeptical because he already felt likea king in his own right.Vikings-"Raiding"; Scandinavian traders ( North Sea and Baltic Ports) weredeprived of their livelihood when troubles in the Abbasid Empire caused abreakdown in commercial systems, thus forcing these traders to resort to theold ways of raiding.obecame extremely successful traders, established settlements and bythe tenth century, controlled independent principalities in easternEngland, Ireland (first parliamentary democracy in 930), Scotland andNormandy, destroying the monasteries, but found a series of newtowns.oThreats began to decrease with Scandinavia’s conversion toChristianity and Vikings assimilation into North Western EuropeWhy did Charlemagne distrust the pope's motives in crowning Charlemagneas Holy Roman Emperor?