Lecture 19

Lecture 19 - Unit 11: The Benevolent Empire Lecture Outline...

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Unit 11: The Benevolent Empire Lecture Outline 1. Industrialization, Immigration, and Insecurity 2. The Second Great Awakening, 1790-1845 3. Radical Utopias 4. Social Reform: The Temperance Crusade Copies of this Powerpoint file will be available for download from the course website after class
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The Benevolent Empire 1. Industrialization, Immigration, and Insecurity
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Industrialization, Immigration, Insecurity, 1820-1845 • Industrialization: rise of factories in Massachusetts, New York and other northern states • Immigration: influx of cheap labor from Ireland and the Catholic parts of Germany • Insecurity: middle-class Americans worry about being outnumbered by a poor, foreign-born working-class
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Anxious middle-class Americans turned to religion to find comfort and reassurance in the face of industrial transformations
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The Benevolent Empire 2. The Second Great Awakening, 1790- 1845
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Charles Grandison Finney (1792-1875) Suddenly convinced that Jesus was calling him to service, Finney began a career as an itinerant saver of souls preaching that anyone could find salvation by achieving a spontaneous conversion – a spiritual rebirth open to anyone who would open their heart to God.
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Lecture 19 - Unit 11: The Benevolent Empire Lecture Outline...

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