NUTRITION_HEALTHY_LIVING_AND_LIFESTLE

NUTRITION_HEALTHY_LIVING_AND_LIFESTLE - NUTRITION HEALTHY...

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NUTRITION, HEALTHY LIVING AND LIFESTLE Food and eating are an integral part of living. We need to eat to live, and if you want to live healthy, you have to eat healthy. Your health and well-being are essentially tied to your diet. Everything you eat and drink affects your body, for better, or worse. However, a healthy and balanced diet is not something that takes much effort or resources to practice. Several easy points can help you achieve and maintain the healthiest possible diet without much work. In the modernized world, much attention is given to nutrition and healthy lifestyles. With so many products available which are deemed unhealthy it can be hard to maintain a healthy lifestyle and balanced nutrition. Much mystification is present in having a balanced diet, especially in the mass media that can make it difficult for a person to be sure of what a healthy, balanced diet really is. There are two reasons we eat, besides pleasure. That is energy and material. We get the energy to live from digesting and dissolving food, and most of what’s digested that does not get “burned” for energy gets absorbed for building blocks of your organism. All nutrients can be roughly divided into two groups, based on what amount the body requires, macronutrients (fats, carbohydrates and protein) and micronutrients (vitamins and minerals). A balanced diet provides all of these nutrients in the right amounts in a given period of time (usually a 7 day cycle). Energy balance and basics of nutrition As previously stated, one of the main functions of food is to provide energy. Energy in terms of food is usually measured in kilocalories (kcal). There are several easy formulas that allow you to calculate exactly how much calories your body burns in a day, both just to keep up normal function and for any physical exertion. Calculating this is fairly easy and straightforward. Here we will look at the Mifflin equation for calculating Resting Metabolic Rate (the basic amount of calories needed by your body just to function, without weight loss). An important note is that not all parts of the body burn the same amount of energy. Fat cells count as not burning any energy, and muscle cells on the other hand burn much more energy than most other cell types. One trick is that the more muscle mass a body has, the more energy it will consume simply by resting, without any physical exercise. In that sense, once you start losing weight and exercising, you will be able to eat more than before, without gaining any weight.
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  • Summer '15
  • Nutrition, metabolic rate, starchy foods

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