100facts_EN - FAO/Olivier Asselin 100 facts in 14 themes...

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100 facts in 14 themes linking people, food and the planet ©FAO/Olivier Asselin
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FOOD SECURITY AND THE RIGHT TO FOOD POVERTY ERADICATION SOCIAL PROTECTION ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY FISHERIES, AQUACULTURE, OCEANS AND SEAS LAND AND SOILS TENURE RIGHTS NUTRITION RESILIENCE CLIMATE CHANGE ENERGY FORESTS AND MOUNTAINS SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE WATER
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100 facts in 14 themes linking people, food and the planet 1 Background Food is life. It is the fundamental connection between people and the planet. The fruits of the earth have long sustained us, but there are increasing signs that our way of working the land and ensuring all are nourished will have to be revisited. Based on the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)’s 14 themes of focus in the post-2015 development agenda, these 100 facts shine a light on the connection between food security, sustainable agriculture and use of natural resources. The post-2015 development agenda is a United Nations member state-led process that will define a global framework to succeed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) after 2015. FOOD SECURITY AND THE RIGHT TO FOOD ©FAO/Truong Minh Dien 1. 805 million people in the world, 11.3 percent of the world population or one in nine, suffer from hunger. 2. The number of hungry has fallen by more than 100 million over the past decade and by 209 million since 1990–92. 3. One in four people living in sub-Saharan Africa suffers from chronic hunger, but the region with the largest number of undernourished is Southern Asia (276 million). 4. The world has the capacity to produce enough food to feed everyone adequately. 5. The right to food goes beyond a moral obligation; it is enshrined in international law. 6. Agricultural production will have to increase by an estimated 60 percent by 2050 to meet projected demands for food and feed from a world population calculated to rise to over nine billion people by 2050. 7. Food insecurity continues to be predominantly concentrated in rural areas. 8. The poor – rural and urban – spend as much as 70 percent of their income on food. 9. By 2030, 60 percent of the world’s population will live in cities, with most urban expansion taking place in the developing world.
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FAO and the Post-2015 Development Agenda 2 NUTRITION ©FAO/Sergey Kozmin 10. An estimated 161 million, 27 percent or more than one in four children under the age of five are stunted (too short for their age) due to chronic undernutrition. 11. More than two billion people suffer from one or more micronutrient deficiencies or “hidden hunger”. 12. About 1.4 billion adults (aged 20+) are overweight, of whom 500 million are obese. 13. Some 6.3 million children under the age of five died in 2013. About 45 percent of all child deaths are linked to malnutrition. 14. Malnutrition is the single largest contributor to disease in the world.
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  • Summer '15
  • Poverty, post-2015 development agenda

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