Latin Final Review - Latin Final Review Forms 1 st and 2 nd...

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Latin Final Review Forms 1 st and 2 nd declension Nominative – Subject, predicate nominative, predicate adjective -a -ir -er -us -um -ae -i -a Genitive – procession, genitive of the whole, genitive of description, genitive of cost -ae -i -i -arum -orum -orum Dative – indirect object, compound verb+dative, special verb+dative, adjective+dative -ae -o -o -is -is -is Accusative- direct object, object of preposition, duration of time -am -um -um -as -os -a Ablative- object of preposition, means, manner, accompaniment, abl of time, abl of price -a -o -o -is -is -is Vocative – address -a -e -i -r -um -ae -i -a Infinitive- subjective, complimentary, objective -are -ire -ere Moods Imperative – when an order is given Indicative – fact is stated Third Declension Mas/Fem Neuter Nominative -soror -sorores -nomen -nomina Genitive -sororis -sororum -nominis -nominum Dative -sorori -sororibus -nomini -nominibus Accusative -sororem -sorores -nomen -nomina Ablative -sorore -sororibus -nomine -nominibus Vocative -soror -soroes -nomen -nomina Mas/Fem-i stem i-stem neuter Nominative -ignis -ignes/ignis -mare -maria Genitive -ignis -ignium -maris -marium Dative -igni -ignibus -mari -maribus Accusiative -ignem -ignes/ignis -mare -maria Ablative -igne/igni -ignibus -mari -maribus Impersonal verbs No person is the subject “It” in English Adverbs A word that describes a verb Ends in –ly in English -e -iter -ter Special verbs
Noceo, nocere, nocui, nocitum (+dative) – harm, injury, do injury to Parco, parcere, peperci, parsurus (+dative) – spare, show mercy towards Placeo, placere, placui, plactium (+dative) – please, to be pleasing to Studeo, studere, studui (+ dative) – study, be eager to, devote oneself to Respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsum (+ dative) – answer, respond to Personal Endings 1 st person -o -mus 2 nd person -s -tis 3 rd person -t -nt The Verb - Sum -sum I am -sumus we are -es you are -estis you are -est he is -sunt they are Asking questions

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