journal pneumonia - West Visayas State University COLLEGE...

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Journal Reading HIGH-RISK PEDIATRICS Submitted by: Khryss Paula S. Baldonado BSN II-C Submitted to: Sir Jesus P. Borcelo Clinical Instructor Pneumonia still responsible for one fifth of child deaths West Visayas State University COLLEGE OF NURSING La Paz, Iloilo City
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On 5th World Pneumonia Day, global health bodies highlight essential interventions that will help reduce burden of disease 12 NOVEMBER 2013 | GENEVA - Pneumonia remains the single biggest killer of children under 5 globally, claiming the lives of more than 1 million girls and boys every year. But pneumonia deaths are preventable. As countries mark World Pneumonia Day on 12 November, WHO, UNICEF and the GAVI Alliance are highlighting essential actions that can help end child deaths from this disease. “Every 30 seconds, a child younger than 5 dies of pneumonia. This is a great shame as we know what it takes to prevent children from dying of this illness,” says Dr Mickey Chopra, Chief of Health, UNICEF. “Tackling pneumonia doesn’t necessarily need complicated solutions.” Many factors contribute to pneumonia, and no single intervention can effectively prevent, treat and control it. 5 simple but effective interventions, if implemented properly, will help reduce the burden of the disease that is responsible for almost one-fifth of all child deaths around the world. These are: exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months and continued breastfeeding complemented by nutritious solid foods up to age 2; vaccination against whooping cough (pertussis), measles, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and pneumococcus; safe drinking water, sanitation and handwashing facilities; improved cooking stoves to reduce indoor air pollution; and treatment, including amoxicillin dispersible tablets and oxygen.
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