7e, ch2 - LEARNING OBJECTIVES When students finish studying...

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LEARNING OBJECTIVES When students finish studying this chapter, they should be able to: Introduction: Neuroscience and Behavior 1. Define biological psychology and neuroscience, and explain why psychologists study the biological basis of behavior. The Neuron: The Basic Unit of Communication 2. Describe the functions of neurons and glial cells, and distinguish among the three types of neurons. 3. Identify the basic characteristics of the neuron, describe the action potential, and explain the processes that take place within the neuron when it is activated. 4. Explain how information is communicated between neurons, and distinguish between excitatory and inhibitory messages. 5. Describe how neurotransmitters affect synaptic transmission, identify six important neurotransmitters, and explain their effects on behavior. 6. Explain what is meant by “runner’s high” and discuss the role of endorphins in this phenomenon.
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