Final Exam African American Politics - Richard Pabey African American Politics Prof Gingsberg Final Exam 1 African American political choice is

Final Exam African American Politics - Richard Pabey...

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Richard Pabey African American Politics Prof. Gingsberg 05/02/2016 Final Exam 1. African American political choice is different than other groups in the United States because African Americans have a history of being under-represented in American Politics. It is true that the Voting Rights Act of 1965 opened the doors for African Americans to have more of a voice when electing political leaders, but even so, African Americans had very little to choose from since African American matters were not a big topic in politics. However, in recent elections, politicians have noticed an increase in African American voters that can change the outcome of an election. This boost in number has been a significant reason for politicians to start talking about African American ideologies and issues in their election campaigns. Going back to the 1992 elections, Governor of Arkansas Bill Clinton was running against current U.S. President George Bush. In most cases, a president is most likely to win a re-election but this was not the case for Bush as Clinton took office in 1992. Clinton had an advantage over Bush, and this was the support of Jesse Jackson. This endorsement allowed Clinton to enjoy Rev. Jesse Jackson’s popularity among the black community and the new voters he brought, thus gaining the majority of the black vote in 1992 and winning the elections by a “plurality of 43 percent against 37 percent for President Bush” (Walters, 57). There was a perception that President Clinton was very in-touch with the black community in America, and had good ideas what their needs and values regarding to politics as well as cultural connections with them. According to prof. Ginsberg, this is why Bill Clinton can be considered as the first African American president. In the 1996 Elections, the story wasn’t much different. With a booming economy that benefitted the whole country, including African American families and Rev. Jackson appointed an adviser to Clinton on African Affairs (Walters, 58), Clinton’s popularity among the black
community did not diminish and increased black voter turnout helped Clinton achieved his re- election. It is only after Clinton’s impeachment for the sexual scandal that some of his popularity would decline, but the country was running so well that many African American’s would not care as much as many republicans did trying to damage his image. On top of that, during such harsh times, Clinton turned to Rev. Jackson for spiritual counseling to save his marriage. Something that said a lot about Bill Clinton and his view of African Americans. The 2000 elections simply have to be the biggest proof of how important African American vote has become in recent years and the outcome it can have in an election. Continuing the success Bill Clinton had with African American voters, Democrat presidential runner Al Gore Clinton’s vice president, continued this trend by obtaining over 90 percent of the vote. However disenfranchisement of Blacks especially in Florida where their votes were not being counted (Walters, 97) allowed for Bush to become president in the 2000 elections. In that

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