classical_india_persian - AP World History POLITICAL...

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AP World History Chapter 3: Classic Civilization: IndiaPOLITICALLeaders, ElitesState StructureWarDiplomacy, TreatiesCourts, Laws-Emphasis was based on religion and social structure instead of politics. The political structure was less structured andcentralized compared to the Chinese.-Divisions in the civilization made a centralized political unit difficult (greater diversity). 600 B.C.E – 16 regional states that included monarchies and republics of priests and warriors.-Alexander the Great pushed into the subcontinent and formed Batria in the Hindu Kush.-Chandragupta seized power along Ganges River, became the first of the Maurya dynasty, and unified a large area of Indian subcontinent. His style of rule was autocratic, relying on his personal and military power.-Gupta borrowed political methods from Alexandra the Great and the Persians with large armies, chariots. He developed a bureaucracy and even a postal service. Gupta passed power to his son after becoming a religious ascetic and died at an advanced age.-The Mauryan empire fell after Ashoka’s rule, and the Kushan pushed in from the northwest, which fell in 220 C.E.-Gupta Empire came to power in 320 C.E. They did not have an extensive bureaucracy, but relied on local rulers.Guptas overthrowned by the nomadic Huns in 535 C.E.ECONOMICType of SystemTechnology, IndustryTrade, CommerceCapital/MoneyTypes of Businesses-Agricultural society, most were peasant farmers living on subsistence means.

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