full essay - The Human Genome Project Danny Ezraty HDEV...

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Unformatted text preview: The Human Genome Project Danny Ezraty HDEV 305: Child Development Dwornik Binghamton University 2/18/2008 Purpose/Abstract This essay will discuss the Pros and Cons of the Human Genome Project. The Human Genome Project is a current study that is intended to determine the DNA sequences of thousands of genes in the human body. The project was started in 1990 by James D Watson. Although it is very complicated to decode the genes, at the current time approximately 92% of the full genome has been determined. It is believed that many great scientific advancements could come out of this discovery, such as the potential to minimize the spread of, and possibly even cure a large number of diseases. It may also provide the ability to determine potential sicknesses before birth, which could help minimize the risk of miscarriages. With this research we will have a greater knowledge of our genes as well, which could help us further understand Darwins theory of evolution. Although these benefits may be highly beneficial, there are many people who believe the negatives greatly outweigh the positives. Many people feel that this knowledge may be too powerful and lead to the eventual creation of a super race of human beings because there will be very few diseases, while parents are able to hand pick the traits of the children. These people see this as a power only God should have, and that toying with it is immoral. It is also possible that the decrease in sickness could lead to overpopulation, and overconsumption of our non- renewable resources. People also believe that the detection of diseased genes could lead to many unnecessary abortions, because the existence of the trait does not guarantee it will develop in the person. Whether or not the human genome project should continue is a very controversial debate, that will likely not be settled in the near future due to the ethical and social implications it consists of. Intro/Body/Conclusion Since the beginning of time, man has been battling hazardous diseases and befell the consequences. As time passes, humans are able to live a longer and healthier life due to advanced medical technologies and advancements. In the early 1950s, Watson and Crick discovered the double helix structure of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (NIH, 2006, pg 1). The discovery of genes and alleles has helped researchers pave the way for new strategies for detecting, treating and preventing diseases. In 1990, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Energy joined with international partners in a quest to sequence all 3 billion letters, or base pairs, in the human genome, which is the complete set of DNA in the human body. This concerted, public effort was known as the Human Genome Project (HGP) (2006, pg 1)....
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course HDEV 305 taught by Professor Dwornik during the Spring '08 term at Binghamton University.

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full essay - The Human Genome Project Danny Ezraty HDEV...

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