Class Notes - EXOTIC ANIMAL MANAGEMENT AVS 325 1/22/07...

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Unformatted text preview: EXOTIC ANIMAL MANAGEMENT AVS 325 1/22/07 Taxonomy Class Mammalia Order Artiodactyla Suborder Tylopoda Family Camelidae Old World Genus and Species Camelus bactrianus (2 hump Bacterin) Camelus dromedarius (1 hump Dromedary) New World Genus and Species Lama glama Lama pacos Lama guanicoe Vicuna vicugna South American Camelids (SACs) Llama domestic Alpaca Guanaco Vicuna wild General biology of SACs- Karyotype 2n = 74- 3 chambered stomach- 2 toes, very sure-footed- Elliptical erythrocytes (round blood cells)- Long neck, cleft in their lip * All of these species can interbreed and produce a hybrid Old World and New World camelids = no live offspring Alpaca bred for their fleece/fiber * Alpaca sweaters are very valuable ($400-$500) Whats the difference between SACs and Ruminants? No estrus cycles o Induced ovulation Evolution and Origin Hemiauchenia macrocephala (large headed llama) * Ancestors originated in North America 40 million years ago Vicuna originated from Altiplano : high plains region Small animal highly prized for its fleece blankets Peruvian government does not permit export of these animals 1/24/07 Lamoid South American Camelids Genus = Lama (refers to all 3 species: Llama, Alpaca, Guanaco) Animal = Llama Vicuna Thrives in high altitudes Highly valued for its fleece (only for royalty) * dont lick their offspring if born at night, theyll freeze 1500s slaughtered thousands for their fleece Late 1960s less than 2000 remained in South America 1990s 30,000 NOW over 200,000 Still illegally hunted poachers Weighs 90-120 lbs. adult Height at withers 30 Guanaco Unique coloration brownish red on top, white on bottom Under protection under South American government 1,000,000 or more not endangered Weighs 200-265 lbs. adult Height at withers 44 Alpaca Used for fleece 2 kinds: Suri Fibers stand perpendicular fall down on either side Fleece is extremely fine, silk-like Appears thinner than Huacaya fibers Huacaya Dense fleece forms a crimper Fibers stand up from the body appear to be fluffier Llama 2 original commercial herds 1920s California and New York Imports have to pass through several quarantine stations Purchased as pack animals and/or fiber became trendy to have them as pets 1980s demand for llamas grew prices went up, demand for them was too high Females - $10,000 Males - $150,000 Males most often used as pack animals Mature Llama 50 to 120 lbs. of gear 6-15 miles a day Uses of Lamoids Packing Fiber Alpacas are sheered annually (every year) up to 8 lbs. of fiber No lanolin (for both llama and alpaca) Fertilizer Amazingly clean No odor High in nitrogen Small pellets relatively dry when passed * Communal dung pile (for groups) Some people use camelid dung as fuel because its so dry when passed...
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course AVS 325 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '07 term at Rhode Island.

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Class Notes - EXOTIC ANIMAL MANAGEMENT AVS 325 1/22/07...

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