Essay #1 - Crucial Year 1938

Essay#1 Crucial - Rachel Golub Midterm Exam HIS 328 Why have historians of the Holocaust called 1938"the fateful year or"the crucial year Describe

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Rachel Golub 10/19/07 Midterm Exam – HIS 328 Why have historians of the Holocaust called 1938 “the fateful year” or “the crucial  year”? Describe at least three crucial events of 1938 and explain their significance. There are three crucial events that mark 1938 as being “the crucial year”: The Anschluss,  The Evian Conference, and the November Pogrom. Some say that 1938 was the turning point in  the Holocaust. The events that occurred in the years before the war were just a prelude to  something worse, something the Jews never could have expected. On March 12 th  1938, Nazi troops entered Austria. The Anschluss, or “unification,” was  announced by Adolf Hitler, who later forcibly annexed Austria. At that time, there were 200,000  Jews living in Austria, mainly in Vienna. In the days following the Anschluss, the brutal  crackdown of the Austrian Jews began. With previous Pogroms enforced by the Nazis, for  example the night of long knives, Jewish businesses and synagogues were destroyed. Jews were 
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course HIST 328 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '07 term at Rhode Island.

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Essay#1 Crucial - Rachel Golub Midterm Exam HIS 328 Why have historians of the Holocaust called 1938"the fateful year or"the crucial year Describe

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