Class Notes - AVS 324 Animal Management Non-ruminant...

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AVS 324 Animal Management January 24 th  2006 Non-ruminant management (monogastric, swine, birds) Functional Cecum   horses, rabbits (nothing more than an appendix) In Belgium and France, horses are used as a food animal In the U.S., they are used as a pleasure animal Ruminant creates fatty acids break down cellulose Rendering    what happens to animals after they are slaughtered (fertilizer, an example) Its illegal to use the head of an animal for rendering With a pig’s molars…the molars are not meant to regurgitate and re-process Chicken stomach   giant grinding wheel Housing Breeding   MANAGEMENT    Nutrition       Disease Prevention * If there is a disease problem, always look at the most vulnerable and healthy animals 1 st Egg-producing business   you want a small bird that doesn’t consume a lot of  feed Standard Agricultural Practices   set of guidelines
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1979   7.1% of pigs give birth Baby Swine Rates 2000   9.2% of pigs give birth AVS 324 January 26 th  2006 Million    2003          2005 CATTLE     103.9 104.5 HOGS        58.1 61.2 SHEEP     7.8 GOATS    2.5 8.74 billion = $28.9 billion After AI   $18 billion 1970   12 million 9,753 gallons of milk produced 2000   9 million 18,204 gallons of milk produced North Carolina now owns the Hog Industry     Used to be in Iowa, moved because of energy costs If you put more pigs in a pen together: 1. Housing 2. Feed (fight more over food) 3. Disease problems Egg Production 6 birds in a cage Labor and energy efficient (but disease is much more high in this environment)
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Better for birds (healthwise) New Orleans    60 million birds destroyed in 2 DAYS 1200 Beef Cattle = ZERO AVS 324 January 31 st  2006 When building a barn for Equine (horses): 6 stalls (or room for 6 horses) A place for feed and tacking, possibly a grooming station Healthy living situation Make sure all your animals are healthy so they don’t harm themselves or  YOU Hay storage AWAY  from the barn (fire hazard) Be aware of what you are using for building materials Make cleaning as easy as possible  (cleaning stalls, etc.) area, fenced-in field, etc.) When building a barn for poultry: If you produce eggs  4-6 birds in each cage Light-sensitive, so the birds lay on schedule Fans on each side of building (for cooling) Only 2 people allowed to walk in the barn with the birds (biohazard area) * Their job is to fix things that are broken, take out dead birds
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course AVS 324 taught by Professor Launer during the Spring '06 term at Rhode Island.

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Class Notes - AVS 324 Animal Management Non-ruminant...

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