Spanish-American War - The Spanish American War 1898 Test...

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The Spanish American War 1898
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Test Questions 1. What was the first battle fought in the Spanish American War? A. Battle of Santiago de Cuba B. Battle of New Orleans C. Battle of Manila Bay D. Battle of Guantanamo Bay 2. What was the main cause of death in the war? A. Weapons/Combat B. Disease C. Animal Attacks D. Bombings
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Background Information 1895-1898 Jose Marti leads Cuban War of Independence against Spain. Grover Cleveland issues a proclamation declaring the United States neutral in the war. Spanish Army Troops come into Cuba. Cubans are organized into a Pro-Spanish militia. Around 400,000 Cuban rebels are placed into concentration camps. Tens of thousands starve to death or die from disease. William McKinley is elected president and promises to protect American business and free the Cuban people. Cuba is a disaster. US Navy Battleship USS Maine arrives at Havana Harbor from Key West on a “good- will” visit to protect US citizens and property after anti-Spanish rioting in Havana.
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Negotiations between Spain & United States cease after Spanish Ambassador to the US writes an insulting letter about McKinley and it is published in New York Journal. Dupuy de Lome is forced to resign. On February 15 th the USS Maine explodes. Around 266 out of 350 crew members die. Although the exact cause was unknown, American press & most of congress conclude ship struck a naval mine laid by the Spanish. Jingoism: an attitude of wildly enthusiastic, often excessive nationalism. Often jingoists push for war with other countries.
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