Class Notes - September 7 th 2006 Animal Management I...

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Unformatted text preview: September 7 th 2006 Animal Management I Disease Prevention & Control Reproduction Nutrition Housing Disease Prevention & Control Appropriate Vaccinations (what is appropriate for you ?) BIOSECURITY (99% of diseases can be prevented by this) Isolate animals coming in for 30 days Reproduction SURVIVABILITY Lots of milk Nutrition (consists of) Protein (for growth) most expensive feed component Carbohydrates Fats Vitamins Minerals Water Why do we feed grass? to prevent MAD COW (less likely to get it) * zoonotic an animal disease that can be spread to humans Example: Rabies September 12 th 2006 Protein most expensive component of feeds * Excess protein is just excreted Management Brewery (beer) Bakery and Food Waste grain barley (examples: NY bagels, English muffins) Fishmeal best protein source you can get What do we look for in an animal? Very sound Feed efficient Easy to maintain Starvation it does not mean that you stop feeding the animal, it means that the animal is not getting the required nutrition it needs Biosecurity big component in management * When you get out of your car, wash your boots Isolate for 30 days Retest for: Rabies TB Brucellosis Leptospirosis * EXPECT THE UNEXPECTED * See handout Ruminant Anatomy and Physiology 4 Parts of the Stomach: Rumen Reticulum Omasum (manyplies) Abomasum (true stomach) Rumen acts as a storage or holding vat for feed (a.k.a. Fermentation Vat) holds 25 gallons or more of material * When looking at the lining of the rumen, you can see papillae Reticulum honeycomb shape, pouch-like structure Volatile Fatty Acids (VFAs)- Acetic Acid- Butyric Acid- Propionic Acid Ruminant Animals: Cows Sheep Goats Camels Llamas Deer September 14 th 2006 Rumenation chewing cud Rumen papillae = increase surface area Cows use their tongue to rip food from the ground Unlike humans, they have no sphincter valve regurgitate their food Video: From Calf to Heifer: Rumen Development At Birth: Rumen makes up 30% of stomach o Microbial Digestion symbiotic relationship o No papillae rumen wall is paper-thin Reticulum 10% Omasum 60% Cud Formation allows slow and efficient digestion of nutrients Liquid Feed cows are fed 10% of their body weight NO HIGH-MOISTURE FEEDS * The key to successfully raising calves is...
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course AVS 323 taught by Professor Launer during the Fall '06 term at Rhode Island.

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Class Notes - September 7 th 2006 Animal Management I...

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