HDFS 3320.002- THE CONTEMPORARY FAMILY
Social Change of the Family
Made up of several institutions:
religion, education, economy, politics, etc; a dramatic change in
one causes a dramatic change in another.
Types of Social Change
a change so dramatic that it affects all social systems.
sexual revolution, information revolution
steady increase in working women since the early 1940s (after the
Can increase or decrease resources, ex.:
Open up new options for the family; ex.:
Tends to change family roles
Changes in Political Structure
Economic booms and depressions
Major Social Movements:
Civil Rights, Women’s Rights, Anti-War Movements
Baby Boomers, Immigration, Divorce Rate, Increase in women in
Impact on Family
most important characteristic of a marriage is partnership; first time partnership was
really part of a marriage was when husband and wife could talk about the same things- external
validity= generalizability= only accurate in the certain group that was studied
1970s; found 2 studies in Bay Area in 1920s that weren’t completed because of great
Oakland boys and girls born in 1920-1921 and Berkley boys and girls born in 1928-
1929; Market crashed in October 1929.
How did Depression affect family life?
What were the
long-term affects of going through the Great Depression as a child?
How did it affect family life?
Dad out of work.
Mom goes to work- can do domestic jobs:
Kids go to work- doing whatever they could find available.
kids dropped out of school.
What were the long term affects?
the men and women benefited from living in the Great Depression.
They were satisfied and successful.
When they were young they became
independent, responsible, and competent.
hurt the Berkley boys, but not the girls.
The boys were opposite of the
They had higher rates of depression and anxiety disorders.
girls did not differ in any way than the Oakland group. The role models for the
boys were their fathers, who were incapable of supporting their families.
However, the role models for the girls were their mothers, who became
independent and worked to get their families through the Depression.
there were a few of the Berkley boys who were no different than the Oakland
When researched, Elder found that this was because their parents
maintained a close and loving relationship.
Creating Social Change
When enough families make the same kinds of decisions, social change is the result, ex:
Boom, working mothers, older parents
Families react to social change, but they have the ability to create it, as well.