SOCIAL SCIENCES 164D READING NOTES - SOCIAL SCIENCES 164D READING NOTES JUVENILE GANGS Week 1 Introduction to Street Gangs(American Street Gangs Chapter

SOCIAL SCIENCES 164D READING NOTES - SOCIAL SCIENCES 164D...

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SOCIAL SCIENCES 164D READING NOTES: JUVENILE GANGS Week 1: Introduction to Street Gangs (American Street Gangs) Chapter 1: American Street Gangs Old English: a number of people who went around together Today: all the definitions have been based on what the gang does and how the members look Where Gang members are from: Historically earliest form of gangs in US developed because of class distinction, bias, and racism “Gangs begins with an excluded group, who feel victimized by poverty, or the establishment, or some type of injustice” Majority of the membership was from the poorer classes Proto-street gangs became the first in a long gang lineage that established customs, practices, and behavior expectations for the next generation of street gangs Some gangs were formed after the Revolutionary war Example: the first African-American gangs were known as the Long Bridge Boys and the Fly Boys Criminal Street Nineteenth Century Gangs First modern day street gangs appeared in early 19 th century Most famous: Irish street gangs in New York (Irish immigrants) most associated in one area of New York known as “Five Points” (turf) Some Irish gang were limited to those who could trace ancestry back (No mixed-race Mexicans were allowed to join certain gangs) Chinese gangs appeared in California New York street gangs were out of control, due to corruption in the city government City of Brotherly love, Philadelphia reported gang activity as early as 1840 = home to over 100 street gangs With drug usage, gang violence escalated As immigrant populations increased, so did the gang populations The Whyos of Five Points became the first street gang suspected of using murder as a membership requirement Early/Mid Twentieth Century Gangs Mexican street gangs were already established in the Los Angeles area During World War II, many Puerto Rican immigrants entered the United States (most used New York as their port entry Latin Kings is one of the largest street gangs that still operate in New York area (mostly Puerto Ricans) During World War II, Zoot Suit Wars between the Mexican street gangs and military personnel occurred in Los Angeles Mexican street gangs had a common enemy: U.S. military personnel in Los Angeles + Police “taking care of business” “playing” “gang banging” used to describe gang conflict “we are strapped” means they’re carrying a gun gang violence were motivated over turf battles and girls Between 1956 and 1957 California’s first prison gang formed and developed within the state prison system Female Street Gangs Early on female gangs were closely associated with a particular male gang
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Acted as assistants rather than independent gangs 1960s – 1980s Gangs New drug culture and civil rights movement led to a decrease in gang growth and gang related violence By 1972 gang violence increased (more firearms are used as weapons, juvenile gang members were used
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